A three-dimensional calving model: numerical experiments on Johnsons Glacier, Livingston Island, Antarctica

first_imgCalving from tidewater glaciers and ice shelves accounts for around half the mass loss from both polar ice sheets, yet the process is not well represented in prognostic models of ice dynamics. Benn and others proposed a calving criterion appropriate for both grounded and floating glacier tongues or ice shelves, based on the penetration depth of transverse crevasses near the calving front, computed using Nye’s formula. The criterion is readily incorporated into glacier and ice-sheet models, but has not been fully validated with observations. We apply a three-dimensional extension of Benn and others’ criterion, incorporated into a full-Stokes model of glacier dynamics, to estimate the current position of the calving front of Johnsons Glacier, Antarctica. We find that two improvements to the original model are necessary to accurately reproduce the observed calving front: (1) computation of the tensile deviatoric stress opening the crevasse using the full-stress solution and (2) consideration of such a tensile stress as a function of depth. Our modelling results also suggest that Johnsons Glacier has a polythermal structure, rather than the temperate structure suggested by earlier studies.last_img read more

Minister’s controversial ideas to beat housing crisis

first_imgHome » News » Housing Market » Minister’s controversial ideas to beat housing crisis previous nextHousing MarketMinister’s controversial ideas to beat housing crisisThe Negotiator23rd November 20160557 Views Gavin BarwellGavin Barwell, the Housing Minister has been airing some interesting views about the UK’s housing crisis and how it can be resolved.His first suggestion is that parents should disinherit their children, passing their estate straight through to grandchildren. This would, in some way, ease the housing crisis and combat what he calls ‘inter-generational unfairness’ by letting those grandchildren lucky enough to benefit from granny’s wealth, and leap onto the housing ladder.It’s a strange idea. Mr Barwell’s mother has done that very thing apparently, leaving her £750,000 home and her other wealth to his children and those of his brother. He said, “We all like to think our children are going to be better off than us. In terms of life expectancy and new technology, they are going to be. But as things stand they are less likely to own their own home and we need to do something about that. There is a profound inter-generational unfairness that has been created over a number of years.”Housing Minister’s mother is leaving her estate to her grandchildren… which may help the housing crisis…The Prime Minister’s office was quick to distance itself from the idea, saying that not was not acceptable for the government to intervene in the way people distribute their wealth, “These were personal comments made by Gavin Barwell, they are certainly not policy.”And Paul Green, from Saga, said “Elderly people don’t want to be lectured , it must be for those who have worked hard to own their own home to decide to whom they leave it when they die.”In another suggestion, Mr Barwell suggested that we should build homes that don’t meet current minimum space standards so that young people can afford to buy them. The odd thing about this suggestion is that he cited the flats being built by Pocket, which are just 400 sq ft, and sell for just under £250,000. Not quite so affordable then.Gavin Barwell housing crisis Housing Minister politics November 23, 2016The NegotiatorWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021last_img read more

Conveyancers advise agents about most recent scams facing industry

first_imgThe Conveyancing Association (CA) has released its latest protocol list of 14 scams that the property industry regularly face as well as new advice on how to prevent them.Phishing, smishing, vishing, CEO whaling and spear phishing are all warned about in the document.These are different ways that fraudsters trick conveyancers and estate agents into revealing personal or corporate data such as passwords and account user names.One tip the CA gives is that to prevent these scams, conveyancers should ask estate agents and lenders to validate documents by posing with them in a ‘selfie’ if they cannot meet them face-to-face.Another scam the document warns about is when criminals clone the identity of someone receiving funds from a conveyancer, which the CA says can include estate agents but also clients, law firms and lenders.It suggests conveyancers ‘hard wire’ the recipients’ bank account details into their system to prevent funds being diverted to a ‘cloned’ account.Significant targetThe protocol list is part of the CA’s ongoing campaign to stamp out cyber fraud within the property industry which it says is “a significant target for criminals” and that “our own and our client’s money is under threat”.“This protocol is intended to deliver robust and efficient fraud prevention balanced between risk, profitability and the customer journey,” it says.The campaign by the CA has been given momentum by several high-profile mortgage fraud cases including one that involved a gang stealing £1.2 million from a bridging loan firm.And the recent Mishcon de Reya and Owen White & Catlin cases that involved fake vendors selling homes they did not own, and whose owners subsequently sued the conveyancing firms involved, have highlighted how vulnerable the industry can be to sophisticated criminals. Following an appeal, a judgement is still being awaited in these two cases.Read the full protocol list here.  online fraud mortgage fraud property scams scams conveyancing Conveyancing Association April 19, 2018Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021 Home » News » Conveyancers advise agents about most recent scams facing industry previous nextRegulation & LawConveyancers advise agents about most recent scams facing industryConveyancing Association says fraud is a significant threat to the industry and has issued revised guidance on how to tackle it including using ‘selfies’ to validate documents.Nigel Lewis19th April 201801,065 Viewslast_img read more

OnTheMarket has now signed just under 40% of all estate agent branches

first_imgThe decision by OnTheMarket to become a PLC is having the transformative effect its member agents were hoping for when they voted to demutualise, latest figures reveal.OnTheMarket has added 2,000 branches to its service since the portal floated on AIM two-and-a-half months ago, giving it a total listing size of 7,500 branches or approximately 38% of all agent branches.This compares with Zoopla’s 14,775 and Rightmove’s nearly total market reach of 20,121.In a statement made to via the stock exchange, OnTheMarket says it has achieve its recent increase in branches by offering agents either free or discounted introductory rates to sign up.Dramatic growthSuch dramatic growth has also come at a cost; OnTheMarket says it has more than doubled its sales team from 15 to 32 people.The increase in inventory delivered by the new signings has also helped ramp up traffic, which recently reached 12 million individual ‘sessions’ a month following the AIM launch.This compares with both Zoopla’s 48 million and Rightmove’s 130 million a month ‘visit’ metrics  which, although not explained by either portal, are likely to mean ‘individual sessions’ too.“We are extremely pleased to be continuing to exceed our own expectations and to have reached this latest milestone,” says Ian Springett, CEO of OnTheMarket.“As we sustain this pace, we are strongly encouraged by the growing agent support and feedback to our proposition to create an agent-backed, full scale challenger portal that disrupts the existing duopoly.”Ian Springett Rightmove OnTheMarket property portals Zoopla May 2, 2018Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021 Home » News » Marketing » OnTheMarket has now signed just under 40% of all estate agent branches previous nextProducts & ServicesOnTheMarket has now signed just under 40% of all estate agent branchesBig push by expanded sales team to sign up agents with free or introductory offers is doing the trick, portal reveals.Nigel Lewis2nd May 201801,091 Viewslast_img read more

Australia: Austal Launches Third-in-Series Cape Class Patrol Boat

first_imgAustal launched the third-in-series Cape Class Patrol Boat (CCPB) at the Company’s Australian Defence Facility in Henderson, Western Australia on 5 May 2014. View post tag: News by topic Australia: Austal Launches Third-in-Series Cape Class Patrol Boat May 5, 2014 View post tag: Cape View post tag: Austal Share this article View post tag: Third-in-Series View post tag: Australia View post tag: launchescenter_img View post tag: class View post tag: Naval Back to overview,Home naval-today Australia: Austal Launches Third-in-Series Cape Class Patrol Boat View post tag: Navy View post tag: Boat View post tag: Patrol Cape Nelson is the third of eight 56-metre patrol boats that are being delivered to the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) by Austal as Prime Contractor for a design, build and in-service sustainment contract, valued at approximately $330 million. Under the contract, Austal is also using its in-house expertise to develop and integrate sophisticated electronic systems for command, control and communication.The launch marked the first time the boat has been lowered into the water. Following maritime tradition, specially minted coins were placed under the keel block of the vessel as a symbol of good fortune on 13 August 2013. These were removed prior to the launch and will be presented to the boat, ACBPS and Austal at a later date. The boat was then lowered into the water using Austal’s slipway facility.With the vessel in the water, Austal is on target to achieve full vessel completion and sea trials prior to an official naming ceremony and final delivery to ACBPS in Q3 CY2014.Austal President and General Manager Graham Backhouse said: “This is another special milestone that represents a significant achievement by many people from both Commonwealth and industry who have come together to work as a high performing collaborative team to make this possible. Cape Nelson is a state of the art maritime defence capability that will play a significant role in protecting Australia’s borders from multiple maritime threats. It has been designed to have greater range, endurance and flexibility – as well as enhanced capability to operate in more severe sea conditions and across longer range – than the current fleet of Customs and Border Protection vessels and indeed Royal Australian Navy Armidale Patrol Boat fleet”.Cape Class is a program of work that underpins Austal’s strategy as a global defence prime contractor of Ships, Systems and Support. It is a program that has also enabled Austal to reposition and strengthen our Henderson facilities as a defence-focused operation. Along with key intermediate and deep level sustainment activities being performed in Henderson on both Cape and Armidale Class vessels, this total solution capability represents the future of the Australian business as Austal continues to expand and enhance the strategic industry capability necessary to meet the current and future defence needs of Australia and other nations.“The Cape Class Patrol Boat program reinforces our strategy of being a Global Defence Prime Contractor that designs and constructs ships, integrates systems, and provides ongoing support.Austal prides itself on being competitive and attaining the right balance between export and domestic demand, which we believe is the only sustainable model for the long-term future of naval shipbuilding in Australia and the capability it delivers. The Cape Class program is a major component of this, while the recent award of a contract to design and construct two 72 metre High Speed Support Vessels for a Middle East customer reinforces our ability to compete and win defence work in the competitive global market.” Mr Backhouse said.Apart from the Cape Class Patrol Boats, Austal is prime contractor for three major defence projects: the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) programs for the United States Navy, and two High Speed Support Vessels (HSSV) for a Middle East Navy.[mappress]Press Release, May 5, 2014; Image: Austal Industry newslast_img read more

Greencore workers strike at Hull cake site

first_imgWorkers at Greencore’s cake manufacturing site in Hull are part-way through a 24-hour strike, following claims their pay has been cut.Around 500 employees are “fighting to claw back pay after attacks on their terms and conditions, have seen them lose up to £40 per week”, according to Unite the Union.Its members at Unite recently voted by 81% to take action, after they were angered by the company’s breach of promise to restore cuts to terms made in October 2011, said the trade union.The union also claims that Greencore’s chief executive Patrick Coveney sought an enhanced $1.7m pay package at the group’s AGM yesterday (29 January).Malcolm Hancock, regional officer, Unite, said: “This workforce has never taken a day’s strike action but feel they have no other option when faced with a super-rich company who believes itself to be above the law.“We urge the management now to take heed. They have brought this workforce to the point of despair. They have breached the ETI base code relating to living wages in the food sector and have forced the workers to take their employer to court over what is rightfully theirs.”The industrial action, the first of its kind at the site, began at 5am this morning, and will end at 4.59am tomorrow (31 January), and will hit product of the firm’s novelty and celebration cakes, which are supplied to supermarkets including Asda, Tesco and Sainsbury’s.A spokesperson for the manufacturer said: “Greencore has issued a number of statements in the past in response to the Unite claims. The company has made numerous attempts to resolve the issues.“As well as continual dialogue with the workforce, Greencore is also engaged in a legal process to try and find a resolution which, contrary to some claims, has not reached any conclusion. It is therefore inappropriate for us to make any further comment at this stage.”Yesterday (29 January) Greencore reported a 2.5% rise in revenue for its convenience foods business, to £285.8m, during the 13-week period to 28 December 2012, but said like-for-like growth was flat.last_img read more

Patisserie Valerie expands into Doncaster

first_imgPatisserie Valerie (PV) is to open its 119th outlet at the Frenchgate Shopping Centre, Doncaster as it continues a rapid expansion.  PV is taking a 1,900sq ft 50-cover unit, which will be open for business in July 2016.Paul May, CEO at PV, said: “We’re excited to open our first café in Doncaster and continue to grow our presence in the Yorkshire area. Frenchgate provides an excellent location for us and we hope the people of Doncaster enjoy the new store.”The news follows a recently announced raft of new openings for PV; it has opened sites in Belfast, Basildon and Chippenham in the last month alone, with store numbers currently standing at 118 outlets. The company has a target to open 20 new outlets per annum.PV is part of Patisserie Holdings plc, which currently operates under five differentiated brands – Patisserie Valerie, Druckers – which currently has 29 outlets as well as Vienna Patisserie, Philpotts, Baker & Spice and Flour Power City Bakery.Chief executive Paul May told British Baker in May that Costa had 2,000 UK sites which showed there was lots of opportunity for his company to grow.Last month PV launched the #MyValerieGateau competition, which will see the public design the company’s next gateau.last_img read more

Oteil Burbridge, Robert Randolph, John Popper, Eric Krasno, & More Set For Mempho All-Stars Jam

first_imgOn Saturday, October 7, Mempho Music Festival will continue the tributes deep into the late-night hours with a very special “Mempho All-Stars” jam. With Lettuce/Soulive guitarist Eric Krasno as the Musical Director, the band will feature a rotating cast of musicians, including bassist Oteil Burbridge (Dead & Company, Allman Brothers Band), guitarist Steve Kimock (RatDog, Phil Lesh & Friends), harmonica player/vocalist John Popper (Blues Traveler, Frogwings), steel guitarist Robert Randolph (Robert Randolph & The Family Band), drummer/percussionist Jeff Sipe (Aquarium Rescue Unit), drummer/percussionist Wally Ingram (Timbuk 3, Stockholm Syndrome, David Lindley, Cheryl Crow), guitarist Papa Mali (7 Walkers), DJ Logic, guitarist Eric McFadden (P-Funk Allstars, Stockholm Syndrome), vocalist Leslie Mendelson, keyboardist Peter Levin (Gregg Allman Band), vocalist Lamar Williams Jr. (Les Brers), bassist Tad Kinchla (Blues Traveler), and bassist MonoNeon.This stellar group of musicians will come together to honor the fallen southern rock greats who passed away earlier this year, founding members of the Allman Brothers Band Gregg Allman and Butch Trucks, and Col. Bruce Hampton. The relationship between these three musicians and their influence on southern rock music go back to the late 1960s, and have made an inimitable impact on the musicians that will take the stage on Saturday. With members of the Allman Brothers Band, Gregg Allman Band, Les Brers, Frogwings, and Aquarium Rescue Unit on the main stage together, the “Mempho All-Stars” will perform music in memory of Gregg, Butch, and Bruce for a late-night set that is included in the price of admission. In true “jam” fashion, the set will thrive in the improvisational atmosphere of over thirteen world-class musicians who have been known to collaborate within the realms of rock, funk, soul, jazz, and more. With Memphis music in the air, fans can expect a healthy dose of tributes and covers, as well as the unexpected jams we all know and love.This late-night announcement comes on the heels of Wednesday’s Steve Cropper & Friends lineup release, which includes Dave Mason (Traffic), Oteil Burbridge (Allman Brothers, Dead & Company), John Popper (Blues Traveler), Eddie Floyd (wrote “Knock on Wood” with Cropper), as well as legendary keyboardist Lester Snell (Isaac Hayes, Shaft, B3 organ), drummer and cousin to Al Jackson, Steve Potts, trombonist Victor Sawyer, and tenor sax player Jim Spake. Steve Cropper & Friends will tribute Memphis music, and will follow Booker T Presents: A Stax Revue & Journey Through Soul, Blues, and R&B.The inaugural Mempho Music Festival takes place Oct. 6-7 at the 4,500-acre Shelby Farms Park, one of the largest urban parks in America, just minutes from Downtown Memphis. This year’s lineup includes Jason Isbell and the 400 Unit, Cage the Elephant, Anderson .Paak & The Free Nationals, Cold War Kids, Bishop Briggs, Robert Randolph and The Family Band, Hard Working Americans, Southern Avenue, JoJo’s Slim Wednesday, and more.Big River Presents have recruited a stellar team of professionals to work with the event, including production manager and fellow Memphian Mike Smith from Widespread Panic, Royal Studios owner Lawrence “Boo” Mitchell, former Ardent/Compass Point Studios engineer and legendary producer Terry Manning, Rolling Stones and Allman Brothers Band keyboardist Chuck Leavell, and the city of Memphis.Chuck Leavell, who is also the founder of the Mother Nature Network (MNN) added in a recent press release, “As a special advisor to MEMPHO, I’m proud to help bring one of the greatest musical cities in the world a new kind of music festival. The setting is spectacular and the talent line-up is top notch with a combination of great new artists and some established fan favorites. As an environmentalist, I’m also very pleased that everyone involved has a high sensitivity to keeping the event clean and green, and in harmony with nature.”With the tagline, “music food and nature,” MEMPHO seems to share the urge to preserve the rich musical history of Memphis. Its founders are committed to making it an integral part of the Memphis cultural scene for years to come. At 4,500 acres, Memphis’s Shelby Farms Park feels like the obvious home for this new-natured event. The Park features miles of paved and unpaved trails, dozens of lakes and ponds, the internationally recognized and sustainably designed Woodland Discovery Playground, a buffalo herd, the FedEx Event Center, The Kitchen Bistro and Kitchenette, a water play splash pad, an outdoor event stage overlooking an 80-acre lake, a treetop adventure course and more. It’s the perfect backdrop for this exciting inaugural event. Tickets — including single-day and two-day general admission and VIP passes — are on sale here. Ticket prices, which currently begin at $40, will increase Friday, Sept. 8.For more information, head to the festival’s website.Mempho All-Stars Full Lineup, 10/7/17:Eric KrasnoOteil BurbridgeSteve KimockJohn PopperRobert RandolphJeff SipeWally IngramPapa MaliDJ LogicEric McFaddenLeslie MendelsonPeter LevinLamar WilliamsTad KinchlaMonoNeonlast_img read more

Don’t be Basic – Why You Should Automate IT Starting NOW

first_imgThere’s clearly an opportunity to get ahead of competitors by advancing IT infrastructure automation. Despite low levels of IT infrastructure automation currently, the benefits are many. Furthermore, the greatest benefits are experienced by those with high levels of automation AND modern server infrastructure. Forrester calls these organizations “Modernized IT.” Compared to less automated IT organizations with outdated server hardware, Modernized IT experiences:1x greater reduction in service outages3x greater reduction in operating expenditures5x more reduction in IT staff dedicated to routine, repetitive tasks3x greater reduction in capital expendituresAdditional benefits of IT infrastructure automation include: faster deployment/delivery of services, faster application updates, faster system stack updates, more efficient IT staffing, improved asset tracking, less time spent on troubleshooting, and reduced infrastructure complexity. In fact the list of benefits from Forrester’s research is even longer! Have I convinced you yet? IT infrastructure automation and modern servers really do pack a one-two punch. And we have the data to prove it. Read Forrester’s full research paper on IT automation here.Another key benefit to automating IT is that it can clear the path for IT to focus on next-generation workloads like Artificial Intelligence. 71% of IT organizations surveyed report that a lack of server automation is a key barrier to implementing AI initiatives. AI is an increasingly important tool, leading to better customer experiences and driving business strategy. To remain competitive and avoid the rise of shadow IT, IT departments need to lead AI initiatives. Not follow. IT infrastructure automation can help you do that.How Dell EMC can help you AutomateOnce you’re ready to modernize IT with automation, the best place to start is automating server management. After all, servers are the foundational element of your data center. With modern PowerEdge servers offering scalable business architecture, integrated security, and intelligent automation, your IT organization is poised for business success. Plus, Dell EMC offers a full portfolio of systems management solutions with a wide range of automation capabilities.Those simple server management tasks like monitoring, deployment, troubleshooting, and provisioning? We can automate that. For example, with OpenManage Mobile and Quick Sync 2, reduce the time to view server inventory, firmware, and network details by 77%. With the same tools, you can reduce the time spent on troubleshooting by up to 28%. It’s also faster to perform a basic server setup with OpenManage Mobile and Quick Sync 2 (up to 145 fewer steps).[1]Dell EMC has the tools and the expertise to help you start with the basic and accelerate to the advanced. IT infrastructure automation doesn’t have to be so hard. With Dell EMC it can be simple. It’s time for IT to start focusing on strategic business priorities, not just keeping the lights on.Keep up with the conversation on Twitter at @DellEMCServers[1] Principled Technologies Report: Save server time and effort for IT staff;  https://www.principledtechnologies.com/Dell/Quick_Sync_2_OpenManage_Mobile_0717.pdf Picture this. You’ve arrived at work in the morning, ready to get going on an important strategic initiative you talked about with your boss last week. It’s a project that energizes you and has huge potential to impact the business. Yet somehow, hours later, you still haven’t started it. Email, mundane reports, repetitive everyday tasks, and unexpected fire drills kept you from the work that really matters.We’ve all been there. IT professionals struggle with this problem just like everyone else. Perhaps even more so. The everyday task to an IT pro carries additional significance. Managing IT infrastructure so that the LOB and customers have a seamless digital experience is paramount. Now that all business is digital, it’s not enough for IT to just “keep the lights on.” They’re expected to contribute to business strategy and drive innovation.The Benefits of IT Infrastructure AutomationAutomation is a key component to freeing up IT staff time, reducing outages, and speeding time to delivery for new apps and services. In short, automation is the key to modernizing IT. Most IT managers know this. Yet, even the most mundane IT management tasks reflect low levels of automation. Forrester research proves it. In a recent study from Forrester, 50% or less of survey respondents say any one of nine server management tasks are more automated than manual. The figure below from Forrester shows the data.last_img read more

Stir-Fry Chinese Cabbage

first_imgGeorgia is well-known for many of the Brassica crops grown here. Cabbage,collards, turnips and mustard are all members of this family.Chinese cabbage is another family member that will do quite well in the Georgiaclimate.There are two basic types of what is normally called Chinese cabbage. Heading types,the Brassica rapa Pekinensis group, are referred to mostly as Chinese cabbage.Leafy types, the Brassica rapa Chinensis group, are most often called bok choyor pak choi. These are also called celery mustard, pei tsai, chongee and Japanese whitecelery mustard. They have shiny, dark-green leaves and a large, white midrib.Both types are important in the diets of many Asian countries. As stir-frying andeating green leafy vegetables grow more popular, they are getting more important in theAmerican diet.Chinese cabbage can be stir-fried, cooked as a green or eaten in raw salads. It’s oftenused in soups and egg rolls as well as being pickled.Originating in Asia, it has been known as a crop since around 2000 B.C. It wasn’tintroduced to the United States, though, until the late 1900s.Chinese cabbages aren’t generally round like regular green cabbage. They’re usuallytall like romaine lettuce, with a central midrib in the broad leaf.Among the heading types are two versions of the plant. Napa types produce barrel-shapedheads. They’re mainly short and broad, weighing from three to nine pounds. Chihili orMichihili types have tapered heads 15-20 inches long. These grow upright and weigh two tofive pounds.Chinese cabbage is a cool-season annual crop. It grows best between 55 and 70 degrees.It can stand light frosts, but doesn’t tolerate freezing.Great heat or cold in the seedling stage can cause bolting (premature flowers) and ruinthe heads. For this reason, there are windows for growing the crop best during the year.Probably the best time to grow Chinese cabbage is in the fall. But it will make a goodspring crop when it can be transplanted to avoid late freezes and can be picked before itgets hot (over 90 degrees).For south Georgia the best fall transplanting time would be from late August to lateSeptember. Or direct-seed the crop from mid-August to mid-September. Transplanting inearly March is best for spring.Adjust transplanting and seeding times for other parts of the state to later in thespring and earlier in the fall.Although the crop can be direct-seeded, transplanting is best, particularly in spring.Space plants nine to 16 inches apart in rows 24 to 40 inches apart.Grow the crop much the same as common cabbage. It requires a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. Calciumand magnesium levels are important, so use complete fertilizers.Apply nitrogen and potassium one-third at planting and the rest in two side-dressapplications.Among Napa varieties, Tropical Pride, Tropical Delight, China Pride and China Expressare popular. Jade Pagoda, Market Pride and Monument are good Chihili varieties. And MeiQing Choi, Choi Lei Choi and Joi Choi are popular bok choy varieties.Chinese cabbages grow fast and will only require 40 to 70 days from transplanting toharvest, depending on variety. Direct-seeded crops take longer to mature.The crop will have firm heads at maturity, but not as firm as a traditional cabbage.Cut the entire head at the soil level. Discard any ragged or diseased leaves. Then washthe heads, chop them up and get the skillet hot for some stir-fry right out of the garden.last_img read more