Modeling of subionospheric VLF signal perturbations associated with earthquakes

first_imgIt has been reported that propagation of very low frequency (VLF) waves in the Earthionosphere waveguide might provide an indication of imminent earthquakes [Hayakawa et al., 1996; Molchanov et al., 1998]. Narrow-band data from Inubo, Japan, suggested that transmissions from Omega Japan, 1000 km away, might be influenced by pre-earthquake processes. The terminator time (TT) was defined as the time where a minimum occurred in the received phase (or amplitude) during sunrise and sunset. A few days before an earthquake the TT was observed to deviate significantly from the monthly averages, producing a longer “VLF day.” The TT effect has been explained through some rather simple modeling by a 1–2 km drop in the VLF reflection height at the lower ionospheric boundary. In this study we apply more realistic propagation models to show that the changes in VLF reflection height associated with earthquakes would have to be considerably larger (∼4–11 km) than those suggested previously in order to produce the reported effect. If the reported TT changes were caused by alterations in the VLF reflection height associated in some manner with an imminent earthquake, these effects would be commensurate with the effects of a solar flare. However, this would lead to changes in received amplitude (or phase) that would be significant at all times, and not just during the day/night transition. Hence it is not at all clear that a simple height-lowering explanation for the TT effect is correct.last_img read more

Legends of Notre Dame to host 2,000 fans on home football game days

first_imgLegends general manager Rich Jacobs has a game day prediction: 2,000.That is, he expects about 2,000 people to pass through the doors of Legends of Notre Dame this Saturday, a relatively light crowd due to this weekend being Labor Day weekend. Next weekend, for the Georgia football game, he expects about 3,500 guests, not counting the 500 who normally stop in for the game watch and tailgate.Since 2003, Legends has been providing food and an alternate place to watch football games for fans from all over. Some may remember Legends as the former Senior Bar — a seniors-only, student run but University-backed bar known for good times, but not necessarily its profitability. In 2003, the University reimagined the space as a restaurant and expanded the building to add a nightclub.Jacobs said visiting Lengends is a trip down memory lane for many alumni. They are usually able to visualize everything when they are told the raised area of seating in the dining room used to be the stage, Jacobs said.“It puts a context to the memories,” he said.On an average football Saturday, Legends will serve around 3,000 guests in the sit-down restaurant, Jacobs said. They typically use 25 cases of French fries on game day alone — the same amount they use in an entire week otherwise. The high volume of food needed, along with the fact that most guests want a quicker, less extravagant meal on their way to the game, caused Jacobs and executive chef Josh Maron to streamline the game day menu.“We’ve got a limited menu that we run for football,” Maron said. “We’ve got some really popular specials and some new and exciting items.”Some popular items include classic tailgate entrees and all of the burger varieties Legends offers — ranging from a peanut butter burger to a classic cheddar cheeseburger. Additionally, the restaurant will be continuing some of its most popular August specials into September, Maron said.For fans who come to Notre Dame hoping to experience the famous atmosphere, Jacobs said, Legends is a great place to do so. Visitors can watch the game on one of the 23 flat screen TVs throughout the restaurant or on the 144-inch screen in the club side of the building — where Legends holds an indoor tailgate and game watch fans can attend for $15, Jacobs said.“We call it the backfield. There will be burgers, brats [and] pulled pork for people that come in right before and just want to grab tailgate-style food but don’t want to sit down,” he said. “We offer local drafts, craft cocktails in the shadow of the stadium — a full menu for people who don’t have the tailgate setup. We always say it’s the best place to watch the game if you don’t have a ticket.”Fans can also walk to the outdoor area to hear cheers from Notre Dame Stadium roar and watch the jets fly over, Jacobs said.“You’re not in the stadium but you get to see [the game] in HDTV,” he said. “It’s almost like you’re in the stadium. We’re as close as you can get.”Last year, Legends introduced a tailgate catering program, through which tailgaters can place orders and have the restaurant prepare their pre-game celebration food.“Now, not only do we service the guests in the restaurant, we go to the parking lots too,” Jacobs said.After games, Legends usually hosts a post-game tailgate in the club half of the building, where traditional tailgate food is served. True to their tagline of “always a party, never a cover,” the event is free for anyone, Jacobs said. The restaurant is open from 8 a.m. to midnight on game days, and later for night games.Over the years, Jacobs has managed restaurants in eight different states and many cities, but said game days at Notre Dame are unlike any he has ever experienced before. He recalled a particularly moving experience with a 90-year-old lifelong Notre Dame fan named Eleanor, whose family surprised her with tickets to her first Notre Dame football game.“Her reaction on Facebook went viral on the internet. We offered her breakfast at Legends featuring her favorite blueberry pancakes,” Jacobs said. “Reggie Brooks — a Notre Dame football legend — joined us and signed a football for her. Even though the Irish lost that day, her family expressed their gratitude for her priceless experience.”Jacobs considers it an honor to serve guests in the shadows of the historic Notre Dame Stadium, he said.“If I may reference a quote from former coach Lou Holtz, ‘Those who have experienced Notre Dame, no explanation is necessary. Those who have not, no explanation is sufficient,’” he said.  “Coach Holtz was referencing the hospitality and truly unique experience that Notre Dame offers to countless numbers of alumni and guests each year.”Tags: Football Friday Feature, game day experience, Legends of Notre Dame, tailgatinglast_img read more

Vermont to get $500,000 in suit against drug maker

first_imgAttorney General William H Sorrell announced today that Vermont has joined with other states and the federal government and reached an agreement in principle with AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP, to settle allegations it engaged in an off-label marketing campaign that improperly promoted the antipsychotic drug, Seroquel. AstraZeneca will pay the states and the federal government a total of $520 million in damages and penalties to compensate Medicaid and various federal healthcare programs for harm suffered as a result of this conduct. Vermont s federal and state share of the settlement is approximately a half million dollars.Since Vermont s Medicaid program is paid with both state and federal dollars, the Medicaid program will receive a check for approximately $200,000 after the federal share is deducted. Attorney General William Sorrell hailed the settlement as “a significant victory for Vermont and its consumers.” The improper marketing practices in this case were particularly egregious given the fact that the unapproved uses of these powerful medications were often targeted at our most vulnerable citizens.Seroquel is one of a newer generation of antipsychotic medications (called atypical antipsychotics) used to treat certain psychological disorders. From January 1, 2001 through December 31, 2006, AstraZeneca promoted the sale and use of Seroquel for certain uses that the Food and Drug Administration had not approved. The settlement resolves a government investigation into promotional activities undertaken by AstraZeneca that were directed not only to psychiatrists but also to primary care physicians and other health care professionals for unapproved uses in the treatment of medical conditions such as aggression, Alzheimer s disorder, anger management, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, dementia and sleeplessness.In implementing its marketing campaign, AstraZeneca was also alleged to have made illegal payments to physicians, paying their way to travel to resort locations to advise AstraZeneca about marketing messages for unapproved uses, to serve as authors of articles written by AstraZeneca and its agents, and to conduct studies for unapproved uses of Seroquel. The settlement resolves claims that, as a result of these promotional activities, AstraZeneca caused physicians to prescribe Seroquel for children, adolescents and dementia patients in long term care facilities, which are uses that were not medically accepted indications for which state Medicaid programs would approve reimbursement.As part of the settlement, AstraZeneca will enter into a Corporate Integrity Agreement with the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, which will closely monitor the company s future marketing and sales practices.This settlement is based on qui tam cases that were filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania by relators private parties who filed actions under state and federal false claims statutes.A National Association of Medicaid Fraud Control Units team participated in the investigation and conducted the settlement negotiations with AstraZeneca on behalf of the settling states. Team members included representatives from New York, Massachusetts, Illinois, Ohio, New Jersey, Texas and California.Source: Vermont AG. 5.5.2010last_img read more

If your budget isn’t a stress reliever – you’re doing it wrong

first_img 28SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr I am going to be honest because personal finance absolutely must involve an honest conversation. Though some personal finance sites might compare needing a budget to needing air or food, I don’t plan to be that melodramatic.I will, however, emphasize that I think budgets are essential to maintaining financial order in your life.A budget can be as simple as you make it: add up your fixed expenses (car payment, rent, utilities, savings, etc.) and subtract that amount from what you make, resulting in how much you have to spend on food, gas, and other expenses. Or, you can make your budget more detailed and try to account for each of these things and give yourself a ceiling amount, which you try to stay under each month. For this budget, if you have money left over at the end of the month, you can choose to spend it or roll it over to the next month’s budget.Regardless of the way you choose to organize your budget, the point is to make sure to have one because it can make your financial life a lot easier. Even if you mess up and have scratch marks (or lots of “Select All” and “Delete” options chosen in your queue of actions) all over your budget, again, the point is to have a budget and that you are trying to make it work. continue reading »last_img read more

Proof that diversity is not enough

first_img 90SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Jill Nowacki Jill Nowacki started her career with credit unions in 2001. She has taken on leadership roles at credit unions and state and national trade associations. Now, she uses her experience … Web: Details For some time now, I have wanted to write an article about standing with the middle-aged white man; about understanding the accidental forms of discrimination and subjugation of women: Those men who will not “speak that way in front of a lady,” or who believe certain careers are “no place for women,” are not necessarily bad. Unenlightened? Yes. But not bad. I got close to it with Binders Full of Women, but something kept me from leaning all the way in. It would be a slippery slope to excuse the behavior of the men who just don’t know better. These are the same men—like my father—who teach their daughters that it is the responsibility of the woman not to be in the wrong place at the wrong time; to stay in rather than go out alone; to remain unexposed to the wily ways of the world and the evil that may be lurking. They do not acknowledge the alternative approach of teaching women how to live in this world rather than hide from it. They do not accept responsibility for improving it into a place more suitable for all humans, nor do they hold others accountable when theyobserve them bringing it down. I hope by now you have seen the post by Rachel Pross, recounting her experiences at CUNA’s GAC. Her observations include not only the blatant bad actors, but the many bystanders who dismissed what they saw because… Boys will be boys… Those guys are from a different generation… He had too much to drink… He meant it as a compliment… Insert your own favorite dismissal here.Rachel’s post was courageous. Even after #MeToo (and some might suggest more so), women are afraid to speak up about their experiences. There are consequences to being a woman known for speaking out about sexual harassment, especially in male-dominated fields. Fortunately, Rachel’s post received an outpouring of support that was both encouraging and frustrating: It is great that people thanked her for speaking up; concerning that there is still such a clear need and so many people who acknowledged their own silence on the issue.Since joining the workforce in 2001, I have heard repeatedly how lucky I am that I do not have it as badly as did the mothers or grandmothers of my male colleagues. That may be true. In their generations, they may not have been able to ascend to the ranks that today’s women achieve, and even those who did were often regularly subjected to harassment and discrimination with no platform to address the behaviors like Rachel did. Rachel also points out the reality that the gender balance we boast about in credit union CEO positions is not real balance: Women are significantly underrepresented as CEOs of the largest, highest-paying financial institutions. But, hey! At least these days we get the chance to be the CEO so we can attend conferences like the ones Rachel describes, right? I don’t mean to mock the progress we have achieved in diversity. It’s a beautiful thing. But it is not enough because we are failing miserably in inclusion. Rachel’s post offers proof that diversity without inclusion lacks an impact.How does diversity without inclusion look? I facilitated a planning session last fall where we addressed the topic of Board succession planning and diversity. The Board discussed the challenges they faced when they brought in Board members who were different than the current board. They described people lacking commitment, not having time, not being as loyal to the credit union as previous generations and lamented high turnover in positions when new Board members were added. I asked for more information on how these Board members were treated when they voiced different ideas from the way things had always been done. The Chairman proudly stated that they encouraged and awaited assimilation to the mainstream. Let’s be clear: In his example, mainstream thinking meant thinking like retirement-aged, college-educated, American-born, white men. I was embarrassed for him. He did not know to be ashamed of himself. He attempted to check a box for diversity without understanding the benefit. He did not see the addition of new, diverse viewpoints as critical to advancing his credit union; he just knew that he had heard diversity mattered for succession planning, and he figured they should give it a try. Diversity without inclusion also looks like hiring your first female CEO in your organization’s history, then failing to respect her like you did her male predecessors. She may be tasked with administrative roles her male predecessors were not; Board members may fail to interact with her in the same manner as her male predecessors (either by not including her in the same invitations they previously extended or by misinterpreting invitations she extends); and she may be evaluated more harshly and/or by factors that have little to do with her executive performance. (In other words, her performance review may be influenced by whether she has the traits of a “good woman” over the skills of a “good executive.” And diversity without inclusion looks like women attending a conference in a male-dominated industry, only to be objectified and disrespected in the way outlined in Rachel’s post. It is damaging. It causes newly recruited Board members to walk away because they feel irrelevant. It causes female executives to opt out of a career path they wanted so badly. It doesn’t always blow up in headline-making sexual harassment or discrimination scandals—most people walk away quietly, humiliated that they didn’t handle things better—but it compromises the future of the industry. It limits the possibilities of innovation, critical thinking, and succession planning. And when this happens? Those “mainstream” individuals in the first scenario may feel affirmed rather than responsible. They tried to diversify and all it did was waste time and reinforce the idea that this was a man’s job, after all. What does inclusion look like? It looks like removing qualifiers before the title– not just in speaking, but in thought. It means not having Black CEOs, or Female Executives, or Young Board Members. It means avoiding tokenizing one individual or tasking someone with the responsibility of being the voice of an entire demographic. It means honoring and respecting individuals as executives and viewing them through that lens in professional settings.In Rachel’s post, she calls to the carpet some of the most blatant and visible forms of sexual harassment, misogyny, and gender discrimination that emerge in male-dominated industries. Jim Nussle was swift to act and add his voice to the calls that we can do better. And we definitely can. We definitely must. If our industry has a future, we must listen more carefully to the underrepresented voices in our executive ranks, be thoughtful about how we socialize during conferences, and consider what factors beyond executive performance enter our minds when we evaluate and interact with leadership. My oldest niece turns 13 this week. When she enters the workforce in about another decade, I hope the progress has been so great that it never occurs to her to ask me what it was like to be a female executive in a male-dominated field. I hope she has it so easy—that she is treated like as much of a human as any other executive– that she assumes that is how it has always been. If she has complaints, though, I will be prepared with a better answer for her than, “At least you don’t have to deal with what I did.” I will teach her from the lessons I learned, tell her why courage matters and what difference it makes, and point to examples like Rachel’s post. I will show her that my generation of women had the courage to raise our voices. I will hope her generation has the men who have moved beyond seeking diversity to embracing inclusion.***Jill was a recent guest on The CUInsight Experience podcast: Listen here***last_img read more

Petronas’ Bintulu LNG complex loadings normal following fire

first_imgLNG World News Staff Bintulu LNG (Image courtesy of Petronas)Malaysia’s Petronas said a fire broke out at on February 22, at its liquefied natural gas complex in Bintulu. The company noted in its statement the fire broke out at approximately 6:00 am at the sea cooling water outfall channel, outside of plant process area.“Our on-site Emergency Response Team was immediately mobilized to control the situation. The fire was successfully put out at 6.48 a.m. There were no injuries to any personnel or adverse effect to the nearby communities,” the statement reads.All relevant authorities have been informed and investigations are currently ongoing to identify the root cause of the incident.Citing industry sources, Reuters reports LNG loadings have been disrupted but have since returned to normal levels.Malaysia LNG operates the Petronas LNG complex in Bintulu, Sarawak, the nine-train facility with a combined annual production capacity of about 30 million tonnes.last_img read more

CDB approves funding for water project in Grand Fond

first_img 30 Views   no discussions LocalNews CDB approves funding for water project in Grand Fond by: – May 18, 2012 Share The Caribbean Development Bank has approved funding for the Grand Fond Water system.Reginald Austrie, Minister for Water Resource Management, confirmed this on Monday during an interview with GIS news.He said, “The people of Grand Fond have been [pleading] for a new water system for a while now and the CDB has approved the contractor for that project under the BNTF program. We expect very shortly that the contract will be signed and work will begin on this new facility”. This will bring much relief to the people of Grand Fond”.According to the minister this will bring “much relief” to the people of Grand Fond, noting his government’s commitment to alleviate the living condition of its residents despite financial hardships.“It is Government’s stated policy and even [though] we know that the financial situation is in fact tight, the Government through the Ministry of Finance and the Minister for Finance, Hon. Roosevelt Skerrit has made the resources available. We see water as an essential commodity that nobody can live without. Water is Life and so we are ensuring that we want to keep all our people healthy and strong by ensuring that we make this social investment”.Parliamentary Representative for the Grand Fond Constituency, Ivor Stephenson said he is looking forward to the commencement of the project.“For many years now the people of Grand Fond have been experiencing some serious shortages of water within the community. With the approved funds, the people of Grand Fond especially those that reside in upper Grand Fond will now be able to live much more comfortably and enjoy the quality of water that they expect to enjoy”.He also highlighted the contributions which both the CDB and the Basic Needs Trust Fund has made towards improved water supply for sections of his constituency. “I must say here that the Caribbean Development Bank has not only approved funds for the community of Grand Fond through the Basic Needs Trust Fund (BNTF) but we have seen where other communities have benefitted from under CDB-BNTF projects. In Bagatelle, in the Kat-Bwa area, a project is nearing completion; we have Petite Savanne which saw the commissioning of a water system last year, and in Shawford and Monkey Hill, Marigot all these are CDB-BNTF funded projects”.He noted that the “CDB and the Government of Dominica continue to collaborate to ensure that we can improve the quality of the lives of people especially in the areas where [people] are benefiting from CDB-BNTF projects”.Government Information Service Sharecenter_img Sharing is caring! Share Tweetlast_img read more