The dogs in the BAC, which operates under the auspices of Rio de Janeiro’s Military Police, are preparing for the international event by helping law enforcement seize drugs and weapons with greater frequency. From January 1-October 31, the canines have aided the Military Police in seizing more than seven tons of drugs after finding more than two tons of narcotics in 2012 and 25 kilograms in 2009. Overall, the BAC has 52 dogs dedicated to public safety missions, including search and rescue, tracking fugitives, and finding cadavers. The Tactical Intervention Unit also has a Canine Center, where the dogs work together with the Special Operations Battalion (BOPE) in hostage rescue situations. Police dogs also work with their handlers to help control crowds, including unruly throngs at stadiums. Brazil’s Armed Forces are adding seven dogs to the six that are already part of the Canine Action Battalion (BAC for its Portuguese acronym) in order to learn how to sniff for explosives, illegal drugs, and weapons, in addition to helping prevent terrorist attacks at the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. Police dogs are deployed on a variety of missions The dogs’ training is the same: whether they are searching for weapons, drugs, or explosives, the canines are taught to remain composed so they don’t bump into objects upon discovering contraband. The Military Police trains dogs to use their keen sense of smell to detect drugs, explosives, and weapon; they’re able to do so because the part of the canine brain that processes smells is proportionately 40 times larger than that in human brains. Moreover, dogs have up to 300 million olfactory receptors in their noses, while humans have about six million. Though the first two bomb-sniffing dogs joined BAC in 2007, they’ve seldom been used outside of training. Since bombings are rare in Brazil, the BAC augments its training by exchanging information with other countries, including France’s Recherche Assistance Intervention Dissuasion (RAID), a police special operations unit specializing in counter-terrorism. Sgt. Vieira is among the 189 men and women who joined the BAC by completing the 40-day Police Employment Canine Handler Course or the 16-week Police Employment Canine Trainer Course, which teaches officers how to train the dogs instead of solely being their handlers. By Dialogo November 06, 2015 Nice article “A dog sniffing for drugs or weapons is led at all times by his police handler,” explained Captain Luís Otávio Poyes, a dog handler and trainer. ”When it locates a bomb, it sits and signals for the police officer, who is outside the area. Afterwards, it leaves the location, still without touching anything. At that point, the police or the bomb squad goes into action.” Dogs trained to use their exceptional sense of smell “RAID officers came here and evaluated our canines,” Col. Nogueira said. “They said they were ready.” “At the World Cup, the Canine Shock Group acted outside the stadiums. We are prepared to serve again in that capacity, if needed, during the Olympic Games. Honestly, we are ready to perform any service within our scope, from assistance in hostage negotiations to detecting bombs and explosives.” The BAC, which is awaiting the arrival of 30 more dogs that will be trained, also has had canines participate in law enforcement simulations on subways, ships, and in airports. “It is gratifying to be able to rely on the canines,” said Sergeant Bruno Vieira, a BAC dog trainer. “They are able to find things that we humans cannot.” “This jump is a result of training people and dogs, always within an evolving and specialized process,” said Military Police Colonel Marcelo Nogueira, the commander of the BAC, where he has served for 11 of his 26 years as a police officer.
Oct 28, 2009WHO experts tackle H1N1 vaccine questionsThe World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) immunization experts today discussed issues related to the H1N1 vaccine, according to its agenda. The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) was asked if epidemiologic or vaccine-availability issues would alter SAGE’s recommendations, how many doses per person are needed, if seasonal and pandemic doses can be co-administered, and if obesity is a risk factor. A WHO spokesman said results of the meeting may be available tomorrow.http://www.who.int/entity/immunization/sage/DRAFT_AGENDA_Oct_SAGE_meeting_9_Oct.pdfOct 27-29 WHO SAGE agendaVaccine production reaches 23.2 million dosesThe cumulative total of H1N1 vaccine doses available reached 23.2 million today, up about 800,000 from yesterday’s 22.4 million, Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius said at a press conference today. She said about 9 million doses were added to the total in the past week. All 50 states have ordered supplies of vaccine, she reported.http://www.flu.gov/live/?date=102809Oct 28 HHS press conference recordingLack of prioritization cited for LA vaccine shortageIn the early stages of Los Angeles County’s free H1N1 vaccination clinics, overwhelmed staff members vaccinated many people who were not in the vaccination priority groups, the Los Angeles Times reported today. As of yesterday, the county had only enough doses to last through Nov 4 instead of the planned Nov 8, said Dr. Jonathan Fielding, public health director. He said officials didn’t want to turn away people who had traveled and stood in line to get vaccinated.http://www.latimes.com/features/health/la-me-swine-flu28-2009oct28,0,3322926.storyOct 28 Los Angeles Times reportFormer FDA official says policy has slowed vaccineOverly cautious policy decisions by the US government are partly to blame for shortages of the pandemic H1N1 vaccine, according to a former Food and Drug Administration official who wrote an editorial for the Wall Street Journal. Scott Gottlieb, MD, said the use of adjuvants could have stretched supplies. He said a focus on single-dose vials has slowed vaccine delivery, as has reliance on outdated egg-based production.http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704335904574497324151841690.htmlOct 27 Wall Street Journal articleOman launches H1N1 vaccine campaignHealth authorities in Oman said yesterday that they have started the country’s pandemic H1N1 vaccine campaign after receiving the first 100,000 doses of its 2.6 million dose order, Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported. For now, priority groups include older people, pregnant women, health workers, and Mecca pilgrims. The vaccine is free for all citizens. To address concerns about vaccine safety, media outlets showed senior officials receiving flu shots.http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticleNew.asp?col=§ion=middleeast&xfile=data/middleeast/2009/October/middleeast_October743.xmlOct 27 AFP storyIceland finds pandemic virus in pigsVeterinary officials in Iceland confirmed the pandemic H1N1 virus in a pig herd after 10 of the animals started showing symptoms such as poor appetite, fever, and coughing, according to a report yesterday to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). Investigators are exploring the possibility that humans spread the virus to the pigs; two workers had flulike symptoms before the pigs got sick. The 4,500-pig farm is under quarantine.http://www.oie.int/wahis/reports/en_imm_0000008594_20091027_152635.pdfOct 27 OIE reportGender-based vaccine doses suggested to boost supplyTwo commentators writing in the New York Times say that using lower doses of flu vaccine in women could improve the vaccine supply without sacrificing protection. Sarah L. Klein, a Johns Hopkins immunologist, and Phyllis Greenbrier, president of the Society for Women’s Health Research, point to studies in which women had a significantly stronger immune response to flu vaccines than men did. They say that besides stretching the supply, the step would reduce side effects for women.http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/28/opinion/28klein.html?_r=1&ref=opinionOct 28 New York Times commentarySen Collins asks HHS to explain vaccine delaysSen. Susan Collins (R-Maine) wrote a letter to HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius yesterday asking why there are fewer pandemic H1N1 vaccine doses than officials originally projected. Her letter appeared on the Web site of the Maine Public Broadcasting Network. Collins said shortages are alarming because not all high-risk groups can be vaccinated and the vaccine could arrive too late to prevent infections in many Americans. She asked the HHS to share its latest projections.http://www.mpbn.net/News/MaineNews/tabid/181/ctl/ViewItem/mid/3483/ItemId/9533/Default.aspxOct 27 letter from Collins to Sebelius
The second leg of the first-round tie finished 1-1 at Mourneview Park after Michael Carvill’s 17th-minute tap-in was cancelled out by an Adeshina Lawal penalty for the Faroe Islands outfit after 48 minutes. Linfield will now faced Swedish club AIK Stockholm in the second round. Irish Premiership side Linfield secured a place in the Europa League second qualifying round by holding on for a 3-2 aggregate win over B36 Torshavn. Press Association