New standards call for Interstate sign replacement

first_imgBy David Dill. Now that we are about halfway through the summer construction season, many Vermonters have become aware that the Agency of Transportation is replacing all the road signs along Vermont’s interstate system. This work has prompted many questions, the most common is why?Understandably, many motorists believe that our old highway signs are just fine and that the money we are using to replace these highway signs could be better spent repairing bridges, expanding public transit and paving roads. I too would prefer to put every available dollar into these kinds of high-priority programs, but we do have to address our other responsibilities as well.The bottom line is that from an engineering and safety perspective, those old signs are not OK and the state must replace them. Here is why.Congress recently directed the Federal Highway Administration to adopt a national standard for retro-reflectivity for traffic signs and pavement markings. These new standards, which were established in 2008, apply to all roads open to public travel. Compliance with these new retro-reflectivity rules is a requirement that VTrans must meet by 2015 to continue to receive the critical federal-aid highway funds that come to Vermont.Federal-aid highway funds make up $250 million of the state’s $595 million transportation budget, and are used in all facets of the state’s highway, bridge and public transportation programs.The goal of this new reflectivity mandate is to provide signs that are legible during all times of day and weather conditions.  This is largely accomplished through the retro-reflectivity of the sign sheeting.  The expected life of this sheeting is approximately 15 years.  Many of the signs on our interstate system are at least 20 years old, and some that were recently replaced on northern portions of I-91 were the original signs from way back in the 1960s and 70s.The posts and foundations for these signs are also being replaced. All new signposts are designed to be “breakaway” if struck by a vehicle. This modern technology is a valuable safety tool that will prevent injury and save lives. On the financial front, these sign projects do not tap funds that could otherwise be used for bridge, public transit or pavement projects, so they are not in conflict with those programs. Instead, the new signs are 100 percent federally funded with money called “Section 148 Highway Safety Improvement Program” funds, which can only be spent on safety-related projects.Sign improvements are one of several allowable project categories under Section 148.  The federal government identified sign retro-reflectivity as an important safety feature, which led to the Highway Administration’s adoption of the mandate requiring states to upgrade their existing signs. As a result, VTrans, over the next few years, will replace all traffic control signs on a system-wide basis, prioritized by sign age, which is why the northern section of I-91 was completed first, followed by the current I-89 projects. The rest of the interstate system will follow so that we complete the work by the federally mandated 2015 deadline.David Dill is the Secretary of the Vermont Agency of Transportation8.4.2010last_img read more

Snow peas implicated in cyclosporiasis outbreak for first time

first_imgSep 24, 2004 (CIDRAP News)—Raw snow peas have been linked to an outbreak of cyclosporiasis in Pennsylvania that may have sickened almost 100 people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced.A Sep 17 early-release Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) article said CDC and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) officials are working with the Guatemalan government to determine the source of the Guatemalan-grown snow peas and how the produce became contaminated.Pennsylvania public health officials noted about 50 potential cases of cyclosporiasis among residents, staff, and volunteers affiliated with a residential facility, MMWR said. Illnesses began in early June and lasted through early July.Of 349 people with connections to the facility, 96 had symptoms including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and aches starting within 1 to 14 days of attending one of five special events there. Forty Cyclospora cayetanensis infections were laboratory-confirmed; the other 56 cases were termed probable C cayetanensis.C cayetanensis is a one-celled parasite. Cyclosporiasis can occur when people ingest food or water contaminated with infected stool, the CDC said.Investigation quickly focused on determining what foods had been served at five special events that took place at the facility in May and June, MMWR reported. Pasta salad containing snow peas was linked to the outbreak.All of the snow peas used by the facility came from one container, which was purchased on May 21 and refrigerated until the last batch of salad was made on Jun 22, when the remaining peas were discarded. No peas were available for testing, but investigators said the snow peas were the only salad ingredient that meet criteria necessary to have caused the outbreak, according to MMWR. Those criteria were: being in all three batches of the salad served at the five events, being from the same lot, and being served only at those five events.The outbreak marks the first instance of the parasitic disease implicating snow peas. Other culprits have included raspberries, basil, and mesclun lettuce from various countries.The largest outbreak of cyclosporiasis, affecting more than 1,400 people in North America, took place in 1996, according to “Epidemiologic studies of Cyclospora cayetanensis in Guatemala,” published in the November-December 1999 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Raspberries were associated with the outbreak, prompting water-quality and sanitary-practice improvements on berry farms.Guatemalan raspberries have since been implicated in other outbreaks, including a wedding in 2000 in Philadelphia, Pa. Fifty-four people fell ill after eating the wedding cake, which contained raspberries found to contain Cyclospora, according to an August 2002 article in Emerging Infectious Diseases.CDC. Outbreak of cyclosporiasis associated with snow peas—Pennsylvania, 2004. MMWR Sep 24;53(37):876-8 (posted online Sep 17) [Full text]See also:1999 Emerging Infectious Diseases articlehttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol5no6/bern.htm2002 Emerging Infectious Diseases articlehttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol8no8/02-0012.htmlast_img read more

Solitary Mohamed Salah finish secures victory for Liverpool over Brighton

first_img Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decade Alisson kept a third consecutive clean sheet Mo Salah scored the game’s only goal England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won smart causal 4 latest 4 REVEALED huge blow Latest Liverpool News Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars Klopp was happy to see his side gain an early title race advantage over Manchester City Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Early in the second half Anthony Knockaert sliced wide Brighton’s best chance of the game but the visitors were soon fortunate not to concede a penalty. Ryan clattered into Firmino as he came for Bissouma’s wild, high clearance but referee Chris Kavanagh ruled it was the Liverpool player who had fouled the goalkeeper.Shane Duffy almost turned Andy Robertson’s cross past his own goalkeeper while Alexander-Arnold had chance to wrap up victory five minutes from time but his left-footed shot was deflected wide. silverware 4 possible standings Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT Everything seemed to be half a yard short or off target as the quick, but nevertheless they were still able to carve out chances, as they always seem to do at Anfield.In the first 20 minutes Sadio Mane sidefooted wide from Salah’s cut-back, Roberto Firmino had a near-post header well saved low down by Mat Ryan and Trent Alexander-Arnold curled a free-kick onto the crossbar.On a couple of occasions Brighton had lucky escapes as Liverpool’s pressing game almost caught them out, but it was third time unlucky when James Milner robbed Yves Bissouma of possession 15 yards outside his own area.Immediately the hosts sprang into action with trademark proficiency; Milner passing to Firmino who laid off for Salah’s lethal left foot to do the damage. gameday cracker Liverpool news live: Klopp reveals when Minamino will play and issues injury update The only concerns for Liverpool were largely of their own making, with goalkeeper Alisson Becker twice almost caught in possession has he lived up to his reputation as a ‘footballing’ goalkeeper.The Brazil international produced one save worthy of note and it was a vital one as he parried wide substitute Pascal Gross’ header.It ensured he became only the third Reds goalkeeper in the last 51 seasons to keep a clean sheet in the first three league matches of a campaign, Bruce Grobbelaar, Pepe Reina and Simon Mignolet (twice) the others.MATCH STATS Salah’s precision strike, his 29th in as many home matches since joining the club, was all it required, curling a low shot inside the far post in the 23rd minute.Klopp named an unchanged team for the third successive match for the first time since May 2017, and only the third time in his near three-year reign at Anfield.If there was consistency in the selection it was not reflected on the pitch as Liverpool were well below their usual standards with the crispness and quality of passing absent. How the Premier League table could change after the Boxing Day fixtures Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade RANKED REVEALED Mohamed Salah extended his extraordinary goalscoring run at Anfield as Liverpool went top of the Premier League for the first time since November 2016 with a disjointed 1-0 win over Brighton.The last occasion was after a 6-1 demolition of Watford but there were no such fireworks this time, although Jurgen Klopp’s side capitalised on Manchester City’s draw at Wolves to maintain their 100 per cent record with a third successive win. Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury shining 4last_img read more