Tundra plants protect the soil surface from UV

first_imgIn the Arctic, seasonal ozone depletion is resulting in periods of enhanced UV-B radiation at ground level while regional climate change is associated with increasing temperatures. These changes are likely to alter plant distribution, biodiversity and morphology, which may have knock-on effects for microbially driven biogeochemical cycling and other soil processes. Our study examined the transmission of solar UV radiation through arctic tundra plants using a portable UV radiometer and the DLR-biofilm biological UV dosimeter. A strong negative correlation was found between vegetation cover and UV transmission to the soil surface. Penetration of UV to the soil beneath tundra plants varied depending upon plant morphology, being greater through low creeping plants than cushion plants, grasses or mosses. UV transmission to the soil surface beyond the foliage edge also varied with plant morphology and the presence of flowers.last_img read more

Savarino’s stoppage goal lifts Real Salt Lake past Atlanta

first_imgMay 24, 2019 /Sports News – Local Savarino’s stoppage goal lifts Real Salt Lake past Atlanta FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailSANDY, Utah (AP) — Jefferson Savarino’s long-range blast late in stoppage time gave Real Salt Lake a 2-1 victory over Atlanta United on Friday night.Savarino shook free and sent a high, hard shot from outside the box to the far side for his second goal of the season.Sebastian Saucedo opened the scoring for Salt Lake (6-6-1) in the 36th minute. Outside the box, Saucedo put the ball between diving goalkeeper Brian Guzan and the post.Josef Martínez tied it for defending MSL champion Atlanta (6-5-2) in the 78th minute. Martínez finished a run down the middle by slipping around a defender in the box just in time to slot Franco Escobar’s centering pass past Nick Rimando. Associated Press Written by Tags: Jefferson Savarino/MLS/Real Salt Lakelast_img read more

HMAS Parramatta Secures Middle East Area of Operation

first_img View post tag: HMAS For many, filling up the tank at their local petrol station would have no connection to the Royal Australian Navy. Most Australians would not realise that some of the goods they purchase at the supermarket and the fuel they consume has been provided safe passage to our shores by Australian sailors deployed to the Middle East Area of Operation (MEAO).The Royal Australian Navy ANZAC frigate HMAS Parramatta is currently on her fourth rotation to the MEAO as part of Operation Slipper and is the 27th Royal Australian Navy ship to deploy since 2001. HMAS Parramatta is captained by Commander Guy Blackburn and is deployed to the MEAO as part of the Australian contribution to the Combined Maritime Forces, working under various United Nations Security Council Resolutions to provide maritime security and counter terrorism support in the Gulf and Horn of Africa region and as part of the international commitment to counter piracy in the Gulf of Aden.Just 2 months into a 6 month deployment, HMAS Parramatta has conducted maritime security operations in the Gulf Region and the Horn of Africa, conducted counter-piracy and anti-smuggling operations in the Gulf of Aden and supported a number of counter terrorism activities.The 191 strong crew celebrated Christmas in the Gulf of Aden, where spirits were high after receiving Christmas gifts and well wishes from loved ones in Australia. However celebrations were brief as, even on Christmas Day and throughout the holiday period, operations did not cease and the crew remained vigilant to their task of providing security to the strategic waterways in the Gulf of Aden and the Horn of Africa region.Commander Guy Blackburn described the importance of HMAS Parramatta’s mission to Australian households.“HMAS Parramatta is up in the Middle East providing maritime security operations and maritime interception,” he said.“Simply put, this means we are up in the Middle East keeping the ‘sea lanes, free lanes’. We’re making sure that all the mariners and the trade of the world can get through safely, so that everybody at home can get all their goods and that all the merchant mariners are kept safe,” said CMDR Blackburn.The HMAS Parramatta left Sydney in late September and now, almost halfway through its deployment, is close to clocking up 15000 nautical miles.“The deployment so far has been very rewarding, everybody enjoys doing active service, this is what we train for and it’s the pinnacle of our careers to be able to be up here , doing our job at sea,”.Whilst it is never easy to be apart from families and friends, especially over Christmas time, the crew of HMAS Parramatta remain firmly focused on the importance of maintaining security throughout the strategic waterways of the world and the Straits of Hormuz, ensuring that millions of barrels of oil are transported through those sea lanes.“This is a very important task that we are doing,” added Blackburn.Leading Seaman Dwayne Cocks, an aircraft controller on the HMAS Parramatta describes this deployment as a career highlight.“The most rewarding part to me is controlling foreign military aircraft and coalition aircraft around the sky as the aircraft controller. Under the direction of the Operations Officer, we all work together to achieve a specific aim,” he said.HMAS Parramatta will handover to HMAS Melbourne in March 2012 before returning home to Sydney for a much deserved break.[mappress]Naval Today Staff , January 06, 2012; View post tag: Area HMAS Parramatta Secures Middle East Area of Operation View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Middle View post tag: Parramatta Back to overview,Home naval-today HMAS Parramatta Secures Middle East Area of Operation View post tag: secures View post tag: Navy January 6, 2012 View post tag: Naval Share this article View post tag: East View post tag: operationlast_img read more

VIDEO: Protests mar Israel festival

first_imgThe event, dubbed “Camels in Oxford”, was put on as part of iFest, a two-week festival marking the 60th anniversary of the founding of Israel. A protester leads chanting on Broad Street First-year student James Norrie was among those protesting as part of the Palestinian Solidarity Campaign. A group chanting “Free free Palestine, occupation is a crime” have been at the entrance to the festival all afternoon, while slogans including “Celebrating Ethnic Cleansing” have been chalked onto the street. At lunchtime, the Network of Oxford Women for Justice and Peace held an hour-long silent vigil dressed in black cloaks. “The weather has been kind, people are having a great time and seem to be interested.” However, OICS committee member Jacob Turner was happy with how the event had gone.  He insisted that Israeli culture and politics could be kept seperate. center_img Police said that the protests had been peaceful and that no arrests had been made.  Protesters today descended on a Broad Street event organised by the Oxford Israeli Cultural Society (OICS). “I don’t think they [the protesters] have managed to politicise the event.  We got across the message that we wanted to.  People respond better to food being handed out than to shouting,” he said. “This is a celebration of a racialised state, the consequence of which is the occupation of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians,” he said. See also:Comment: Celebrating ethnic cleansing? Comment: OICS responselast_img read more

In San Diego, Bacow stresses learning, New teaches poetry

first_img“You can get a great education anywhere. It’s a question of what you do with the opportunity,” Harvard President Larry Bacow told a group of high school students last week in San Diego. “At almost any college or university in this country, if you apply yourself, if you seek out the right people, you can get a great education.”Bacow made the remarks when he visited students, teachers, and school leaders at Health Sciences High and Middle College in the City Heights neighborhood of San Diego last Friday as part of a two-day visit to the area.Bacow also visited with more than 200 alumni from around Southern California at the San Diego Museum of Art in Balboa Park on Thursday evening.In September, Bacow made a similar trip to Pontiac, Mich., meeting with high school students as well as alumni from the region. Bacow referenced his Pontiac visit while in San Diego and noted his eagerness to highlight and expand the ways Harvard and its alumni are engaged in positive ways in communities throughout the country.One of Bacow’s goals in visiting the school was to learn from students, teachers, and leaders how Harvard content is being used in schools. He is interested in reactions to the program as he considers additional, creative ways that Harvard can be a partner and collaborator with educational institutions of all kinds.At the school, about 20 students are enrolled in what they call “Harvard Poetry,” a course offered for credit through the Division of Continuing Education. Elisa New, Powell M. Cabot Professor of American Literature, developed the course as part of Poetry in America, a multiplatform digital initiative that brings the American literary canon into classrooms and living rooms around the world. New led a discussion on a poem by Emily Dickinson, taking questions from students more accustomed to seeing her through the digital course.“I could never imagine a class at Harvard; I always thought it was out of reach for me,” said senior and course participant Martha Santana-Garcia. Santana-Garcia is in the process of applying to college and hopes to pursue teaching. “Seeing this really solidified my feeling about being a teacher because I saw how impassioned [Professor New] was, and I saw how happy my English teacher was.”Bacow reflected on his own experience as a high school student, and the idea that college may be closer, and less out of reach, than it may seem. “I didn’t take an MIT [Massachusetts Institute of Technology] course when I was in high school,” he said. “But my calculus text was written by an MIT faculty member, George Thomas, and my physics text was written by a couple of MIT faculty members, so in something of the same way that you’ve been exposed to Harvard, I was exposed to MIT. So, aim high and don’t let anybody tell you that you can’t do what you want to do.”Bacow also spoke to a larger gathering of students and teachers in a group community circle to discuss pathways to higher education and how universities and schools can create effective spaces and curricula for student success. As the group talked about the admissions process, Bacow gave students advice on transitioning from high school to college, telling them there are many people they can look to for help, including former classmates who have graduated, as well as guidance counselors.One of those at the Health Sciences High event was Jordan Harrison, a 2018 alumnus of the Harvard Graduate School of Education who is now at Reality Changers, a San Diego nonprofit focused on helping guide underserved young people into college. “The school’s model is transformative in providing high school students the experiences of taking college courses and internships,” Harrison said. “After working with some of the students and hearing how the school had prepared them, I was excited to see how the College course was in action on a high school campus.”Harrison called Bacow’s visit “a transformative experience for the students to demystify Harvard, to start to see Harvard as an opportunity that is possible.” He added, “In a room full of students of underrepresented backgrounds and first-generation students, it was powerful to see students share their poetry and thoughts on taking a Harvard class in high school.”,Connecting with alumniWith a rainy city as backdrop Thursday evening, more than 200 area alumni, representing every Harvard School, gathered at the San Diego Museum of Art to hear from Bacow at a session sponsored by the Harvard Club of San Diego and the Harvard Alumni Association.The evening’s highlight was a moderated conversation between Bacow and San Diego County Superior Court Judge Yvonne E. Campos, J.D. ’88. They spoke about Harvard’s role in the world and the enduring value that higher education offers to society. They covered a wide range of topics, from the impact of public service to developments in Allston to news about the admissions case to how Harvard is helping solve problems as diverse as global climate change and the opioid crisis.During a Q&A session with the audience, Bacow noted the ways that Harvard is addressing the social and economic disparity facing the country. He explained, “We’re working in all sorts of different fields to try to ensure we’re using the expertise that’s represented at Harvard to address disparity wherever we find it.” He noted this work is happening in nearly every School.“Being a Harvard alum is about building community and creating a social fabric that is distinctly Harvard,” said Vivian Fung ’98 of San Diego. “We all share a sense of the importance of education, the importance of creating opportunity, and the importance of working to help push society forward.” Fung said she felt confident that the University was helping to advance those goals under Bacow’s leadership.As the discussion came to a close, Bacow said, “I would hope that we as an institution, collectively through our actions; could model what it means to be a caring community, to model what it means to be committed to making the world a better place; could model what it means to be, as I said in my inaugural address, ‘slow to judge and quick to understand.’ I would hope we could model what it means to recognize that with this extraordinary education that all of us have been privileged to receive comes responsibility, and it’s the responsibly to make the world a better place.”last_img read more

Author explores use of sparkle

first_imgMary Kearney, associate professor of film, television and theatre and director of the gender studies program, explored the prevalence and impact of sparkle in pop culture Saturday, during her lecture titled, “Sparkle: Contemporary Girls Media Culture.”Kearney’s lecture, part of the Snite Musuem of Art “Saturday Scholars Series,” examined how elements such as glitter, sparkle and luminescence have become ubiquitous ingirls’ media and how this trend subsequently shapes girls’ production and consumption of media. Her book, “Girls Make Media” highlights the way more girls than ever before, produce various forms of media. Additionally, the book analyzes the presence of sparkle and glitter in media and the connection to a historical fascination with luminescence and sparkle to the ethereal and the heavenly.“Today, in comparison with other historical periods, girls’ media texts are truly luminous and spectacular,” Kearney said. “I’m interested in the visual style of said media, not only because they contribute so strongly to the overall meaning of text, but also because of their affective dimension and how they make us feel. I’m curious about how these meanings might inspire our further engagement in media culture, especially producing our own media.”Kearney said while sparkle has been present in pop culture for years in animated films and toys, sparkle has become far more prevalent in television, film and toys marketed towards young girls during the past 15 years, with notable examples including Disney films such as “Frozen” and “Brave,” and television shows such as “Hannah Montana.” Kearney said while the trend is primarily geared toward young, white girls between the ages of eight and 12, sparkle and glitter have an almost universal appeal among girls of different ages and backgrounds, and this trend encourages girls to  “sparkle up to affirm their youthful femininity.”Kearney said, “Those displays have more than just suggestive beauty. They have also signified a particular form of youthful femininity associated with visibility, publicness, wealth, and sexual maturity.”“The fashion and beauty industries have long encouraged girls to understand female attractiveness as best communicated via sparkly bodily displays, modelled by film stars and other celebrities,” she said.According to Kearney, sparkle has become synonymous with female youth and beauty, due in large part to the prevalence of glitter and glamour in celebrity culture.Kearney said there are three forms of “sparkle” in girls media culture: magical — media involving transformative beings such as witches — environmental — primarily concerned with bioluminescence and bright environments — and bodily — associated with how women use sparkle and glitter to adorn their bodies. She said the three forms of sparkle are primarily found in films such as “Cinderella” and “Frozen,” as well as television shows such as “Hannah Montana” and “Sabrina the Teenage Witch.” These kinds of movies and TV shows exemplify in different ways the push for a vibrant, fame-centric ideal of femininity, she saidKearney said the prominence of sparkle in pop culture contributes to a post-feminist ideal, where female empowerment resides is the responsibility of the individual woman. Operating under this notion, the ideal woman is one who embraces glittery, hyper-feminine products and adornments for her personal pleasure.“The ideal post-feminist woman, therefore, is one whose femininity and agency are communicated primarily through a visibly self-disciplined and glamorously adorned body.”While the association of sparkle with a post-feminist ideal at times overemphasizes the importance of beauty and presentation for young girls, she recognized how sparkle can also be an inspiration and encouragement for young girls to create their own media while remaining fascinated by the beauty of sparkle. She said while theorists are often critical of sparkle culture, it is necessary to understand the way young women emotionally engage with sparkle in contemporary media.“With those perspectives in mind, I want to reclaim femininity, and thus sparkle, as a potentially resistant force for girls,” Kearney said. “In arguing for the potentially positive contributions of sparkle in girls’ media, I also want to encourage attention to its affect or the emotions such luminous beauty elicits.“ … I am all for sparkle if that’s what gets girls involved in creating media.”Tags: Mary Kearney, Saturday Scholar Series, Snite Museum, Sparklelast_img read more

Hempstead Robbers Hit 11 Stores in 6 Months, Cops Say

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Two 26-year-old men have been arrested for allegedly robbing 11 stores and gas stations, some of them at gunpoint, in Hempstead over the past six months, Nassau County police said.Gerard Brown of Roosevelt and Nicholas McNeil of Hempstead were each charged with multiple counts of robbery this week.Police said the duo robbed the Sunoco Gas located on Peninsula Boulevard on Sept. 23, Dunkin Donuts on Peninsula Boulevard on Oct. 22, Village Express Deli on South Franklin Street on Oct. 24 and Mobil Gas Station on Peninsula Boulevard on Nov. 12.They allegedly robbed the same Sunoco station again on Nov. 19, the same Dunkin Donuts a second time on Nov. 29 and then hit the donut shop a third time on Dec. 4, police said.The suspects are also accused of robbing GameStop on Fulton Avenue on Dec. 2, Citgo Gas Station on Baldwin Road on Dec. 9 and then the Village Express Deli two more times on Jan. 23 and Feb. 3, police said.No victims were injured in any of the cases, police said.Brown will be arraigned Thursday at First District Court in Hempstead. McNeil was ordered held without bail Wednesday and is due back in court Friday.last_img read more

Cops: Drunken Driver Seriously Injures Woman, 43, in Brentwood Crash

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York An alleged drunken driver crashed head-on into another vehicle in Brentwood early Saturday morning, seriously injuring the passenger of the car, Suffolk County police said. Ronald Cherry, 44, of Bay Shore, was arrested and charged with driving while intoxicated. He will be arraigned Sunday at First District Court in Central Islip. Police said Cherry was driving a 2006 Chevrolet Malibu eastbound on Spur Drive North just before 2 a.m. when he was involved in a head-on collision with a 2008 Toyota Avalon driving westbound. The driver of the car, 43-year-old Bernadette Joachim-Baker of Miami, was taken to Southside Hospital in Bay Shore for minor injuries. Her passenger, 21-year-old Melissa Joseph of Brentwood, was transported to Southside with serious injuries, police said. Police earlier in the day incorrectly reported that another passenger had suffered serious injuries. Cherry was treated at the same hospital for minor injuries. Police said the investigation is continuing. Anyone with information is asked to call Third Squad detectives at 631-854-8352 or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-220-TIPS.last_img read more

A generation of buyers has never seen RBA raise rates – and that’s likely to continue for a while yet

first_imgNew homeowners in the past seven years have never seen a rate hike.A GENERATION of homebuyers has never experienced a rate hike, and their luck is likely to continue for a while yet, according to latest predictions.RateCity money editor Sally Tindall said it had now been a whopping seven years since the Reserve Bank last raised interest rates with 21 of 23 indicators suggesting that to continue to be the case come Tuesday’s monetary policy meeting.“It’s incredible to think there is a now a large number of first home buyers who’ve never experienced a rate hike. Seven years is a long time between increases,” she said.The RBA is expected to keep the cash rate at 1.5 per cent when it meets on Tuesday. Picture: AAP Image/Dean Lewins.RateCity analysis of 23 leading economic indicators found that 21 of them pointed to the RBA leaving the official cash rate at a record low of 1.5 per cent, where it has been since August last year.“Lower than expected inflation figures and wage growth stalling at just 1.9 per cent provide an argument for the Reserve to cut rates, but that’s unlikely.“The RBA will also be concerned Australia’s household debt-to-income level increased from 19.0 per cent to a record 193.7 per cent in the last quarter – a worrying trend that leaves them in a difficult position.”More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus23 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market23 hours agoWHAT A MILLION-DOLLAR MAKEOVER GETS YOU IN BRISBANEHOUSE SOLD FOR LESS THAN COST OF UNITFIVE WAYS TO PUT YOUR EQUITY TO WORK FOR YOURBA has expressed concern over the household debt-to-income ratio hitting a record 193.7 per cent. Picture: Getty Images.“If they hike rates, they will risk sending thousands of Australians into financial hardship. Conversely, if they lower rates, it will encourage others to take on more debt. In short, its hands are tied until wages growth, and the broader economy, strengthen.“Until then, homeowners can rest easy in the knowledge that their mortgage repayments won’t be increasing anytime soon.”The RBA board meets for the monthly monetary policy meeting on Tuesday with their decision on whether or not to move on rates to be announced at 1pm.Unemployment fell from 5.6 to 5.5 per cent last month but significantly more movement was needed to trigger a rate rise.FOLLOW SOPHIE FOSTER ON FACEBOOKFREE: GET THE COURIER-MAIL’S REAL ESTATE NEWS DIRECT TO INBOXlast_img read more

Bahri Adds New VLCC to Its Fleet

first_imgThe National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia (Bahri) expanded its fleet as it took delivery of a new very large crude carrier (VLCC) on January 22.The 300,000 dwt tanker, which was named Kassab, was built by South Korea’s Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries.Bahri said it expects the ship to start its commercial operation in March 2018, adding that the financial impact of the new VLCC is set to be in the first quarter of 2018.The 330-meter-long and 60-meter-wide vessel is one of five VLCCs that were ordered from the shipbuilder in 2016. In November the same year, Bahri reached a financing agreement with Standard Chartered Bank, Arab National Bank, National Bank of Abu Dhabi and Bank Albilad, which partially funded the construction of the ships.According to the company’s stock exchange release in November 2016, the financing agreement amounted to USD 350 million for a period of ten years, plus a grace period of 22 months for guarantees.The remaining ships under the deal are expected to be handed over to Bahri by mid-2018, data provided by VesselsValue shows.last_img read more