Sep 24, 2004 (CIDRAP News)—Raw snow peas have been linked to an outbreak of cyclosporiasis in Pennsylvania that may have sickened almost 100 people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced.A Sep 17 early-release Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) article said CDC and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) officials are working with the Guatemalan government to determine the source of the Guatemalan-grown snow peas and how the produce became contaminated.Pennsylvania public health officials noted about 50 potential cases of cyclosporiasis among residents, staff, and volunteers affiliated with a residential facility, MMWR said. Illnesses began in early June and lasted through early July.Of 349 people with connections to the facility, 96 had symptoms including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and aches starting within 1 to 14 days of attending one of five special events there. Forty Cyclospora cayetanensis infections were laboratory-confirmed; the other 56 cases were termed probable C cayetanensis.C cayetanensis is a one-celled parasite. Cyclosporiasis can occur when people ingest food or water contaminated with infected stool, the CDC said.Investigation quickly focused on determining what foods had been served at five special events that took place at the facility in May and June, MMWR reported. Pasta salad containing snow peas was linked to the outbreak.All of the snow peas used by the facility came from one container, which was purchased on May 21 and refrigerated until the last batch of salad was made on Jun 22, when the remaining peas were discarded. No peas were available for testing, but investigators said the snow peas were the only salad ingredient that meet criteria necessary to have caused the outbreak, according to MMWR. Those criteria were: being in all three batches of the salad served at the five events, being from the same lot, and being served only at those five events.The outbreak marks the first instance of the parasitic disease implicating snow peas. Other culprits have included raspberries, basil, and mesclun lettuce from various countries.The largest outbreak of cyclosporiasis, affecting more than 1,400 people in North America, took place in 1996, according to “Epidemiologic studies of Cyclospora cayetanensis in Guatemala,” published in the November-December 1999 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Raspberries were associated with the outbreak, prompting water-quality and sanitary-practice improvements on berry farms.Guatemalan raspberries have since been implicated in other outbreaks, including a wedding in 2000 in Philadelphia, Pa. Fifty-four people fell ill after eating the wedding cake, which contained raspberries found to contain Cyclospora, according to an August 2002 article in Emerging Infectious Diseases.CDC. Outbreak of cyclosporiasis associated with snow peas—Pennsylvania, 2004. MMWR Sep 24;53(37):876-8 (posted online Sep 17) [Full text]See also:1999 Emerging Infectious Diseases articlehttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol5no6/bern.htm2002 Emerging Infectious Diseases articlehttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol8no8/02-0012.htm
So, if you want to know the latest information or maybe you can give it and thus help community members, accept the invitation and join the Viber group on this connectors. The whole idea and story about founding a Viber community started soon after Bradbury was on the Slovenian border, after which he met, as he says, two very smart young trainees learning how to build a Viber community. “Razgovarao sam s raznim ljudima koji su povezani s najnovijim informacijama i imamo sve kontakte nadležnih ministarstava. Stoga smo odlučili pokrenuti Viber zajednicu, Total Croatia Travel INFO, gdje ćemo objavljivati najnovije informacije koje imamo”, said Bradbury, adding that he would try to answer all the questions asked in this group, ie the community, and if they do not have them, he will provide contact information of the competent ministry or official body to be discussed. Total Croatia Travel INFO is the name of the community Total Croatia News, news portal with news from Croatia, in English, wants to provide those interested with answers to simple questions such as: who can cross the border, what is the procedure, where to find information about bus travel, etc. According to portal owner Paul Bradbury, more and more people confused by the lack of information, so as he himself says, it is time to change direction.
The lawsuit – dubbed the “‘Flash Boys’ case”, after a best-selling book that exposed the practices of high-frequency traders (HFTs) – revolves around so-called “dark pools”, a trading venue where investors can trade stocks almost anonymously, preventing large block orders from influencing the market.Within a dark pool, investors do not have to contemporaneously reveal their buy or sell orders to others.The orders are therefore less likely to be picked off by HFTs looking to beat investors slower to react to new information.However, the lawsuit alleges Barclays not only allowed HFTs to trade in its own dark pool (Barclays LX) but encouraged them with unfair perquisites over other traders.The plaintiffs said the presence of so many predators within the pool meant institutional investors trading there suffered harm because share prices were influenced to their detriment.Meanwhile, Barclays’s marketing literature was claiming that very little of the trading within the dark pool was “aggressive”, when in fact, by May 2014, this kind of trading made up more than 30% of the activity, according to Barclays’s own analysis quoted in the court papers.The plaintiffs accused Barclays of deceit by concealment, unfair competition and false advertising.Furthermore, they claimed the exchanges rigged their markets in favour of the HFT firms, by offering products which shave infinitesimal fractions of a second off the time it takes to receive and respond to information from the exchanges.AP1 estimates it lost around SEK275m (€29.4m) over five years.However, the judge found the exchanges to be immune from the lawsuit, saying: “The SEC [which regulates the exchanges] has ample authority and ability to … address any improprieties by the exchanges.”He also said the plaintiffs failed to adequately plead that Barclays committed any manipulative acts, “and their claims do not allege reasonable reliance [on Barclays’s statements]”.An appeal has been lodged, but AP1 has now said it will step down as lead plaintiff if the appeal is heard in the courts, although it will remain as a passive member of the class if a court certifies it.Ossian Ekdahl, head of communication and ESG at AP1, said the main reason was the management time that would have to be spent on the case.“Up until now,” he said, “we have not spent too much time on the case, but if we take it further, the amount of time needed will be significant.”But he said no monetary considerations were involved, as AP1’s lawyers are paid on a no-win, no-fee basis.Ekdahl added that, besides recovery of presumed losses, AP1’s involvement in the lawsuit was also motivated by a desire to uphold fair trading standards for all market participants.“All institutions and individuals who have purchased US equities have suffered losses because of the actions taken by the firms,” he said.“Because AP1 is a major player in many of the world’s stock exchanges, it is important for us to promote exchange trading functions in a beneficial and fair way, so that no players can enrich themselves at the expense of others.” Swedish buffer fund AP1 has stepped down as lead plaintiff in a US class action against 40 securities brokers, high-frequency traders and exchanges, in view of a possible appeal, after a New York judge dismissed the case.Jesse Furman, US district judge, Southern District of New York, said the lawsuit, which was consolidated from five separate cases, was primarily a matter for the financial market regulators.Other lead plaintiffs include the City of Providence Rhode Island, and the Plumbers and Pipefitters National Pension Fund.Defendants include Barclays Capital, the New York Stock Exchange, Nasdaq and Bats Global Markets.