Snow peas implicated in cyclosporiasis outbreak for first time

first_imgSep 24, 2004 (CIDRAP News)—Raw snow peas have been linked to an outbreak of cyclosporiasis in Pennsylvania that may have sickened almost 100 people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced.A Sep 17 early-release Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) article said CDC and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) officials are working with the Guatemalan government to determine the source of the Guatemalan-grown snow peas and how the produce became contaminated.Pennsylvania public health officials noted about 50 potential cases of cyclosporiasis among residents, staff, and volunteers affiliated with a residential facility, MMWR said. Illnesses began in early June and lasted through early July.Of 349 people with connections to the facility, 96 had symptoms including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and aches starting within 1 to 14 days of attending one of five special events there. Forty Cyclospora cayetanensis infections were laboratory-confirmed; the other 56 cases were termed probable C cayetanensis.C cayetanensis is a one-celled parasite. Cyclosporiasis can occur when people ingest food or water contaminated with infected stool, the CDC said.Investigation quickly focused on determining what foods had been served at five special events that took place at the facility in May and June, MMWR reported. Pasta salad containing snow peas was linked to the outbreak.All of the snow peas used by the facility came from one container, which was purchased on May 21 and refrigerated until the last batch of salad was made on Jun 22, when the remaining peas were discarded. No peas were available for testing, but investigators said the snow peas were the only salad ingredient that meet criteria necessary to have caused the outbreak, according to MMWR. Those criteria were: being in all three batches of the salad served at the five events, being from the same lot, and being served only at those five events.The outbreak marks the first instance of the parasitic disease implicating snow peas. Other culprits have included raspberries, basil, and mesclun lettuce from various countries.The largest outbreak of cyclosporiasis, affecting more than 1,400 people in North America, took place in 1996, according to “Epidemiologic studies of Cyclospora cayetanensis in Guatemala,” published in the November-December 1999 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Raspberries were associated with the outbreak, prompting water-quality and sanitary-practice improvements on berry farms.Guatemalan raspberries have since been implicated in other outbreaks, including a wedding in 2000 in Philadelphia, Pa. Fifty-four people fell ill after eating the wedding cake, which contained raspberries found to contain Cyclospora, according to an August 2002 article in Emerging Infectious Diseases.CDC. Outbreak of cyclosporiasis associated with snow peas—Pennsylvania, 2004. MMWR Sep 24;53(37):876-8 (posted online Sep 17) [Full text]See also:1999 Emerging Infectious Diseases articlehttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol5no6/bern.htm2002 Emerging Infectious Diseases articlehttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol8no8/02-0012.htmlast_img read more

PREMIUMCat lovers play detective to solve mysterious deaths of stray cats

first_imgFacebook Muska Putri, a member of a community of cat lovers at the Rasuna Epicentrum complex in South Jakarta, felt uneasy after watching a fellow member’s video clip on Aug. 5.The footage, she said, showed a dead cat floating in Kali Cideng, a river that runs through part of the Rasuna Epicentrum complex, separating its apartment buildings from its offices.Muska, along with members of Cat Adoption and Rescue Rasuna Epicentrum (CARE), then rushed to the scene and saw the cat carcass floating in the river right before their eyes.The group managed to retrieve the carcass with the help of Rasuna’s janitors in charge of cleaning the river, who later hauled it to the complex’s disposal facility.Little did they know that this was just the beginning of a string of mysterious cat deaths in the neighborhood. By Friday, CARE received information from cleaning service staffer… LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Linkedin Forgot Password ? Log in with your social account Google Topics : animal-abuse #animal #Jakarta #cats catslast_img read more

On Fargo The Story You Believe Is the One Thats True

first_imgStay on target Fargo‘s third season continues to feel formulaic, missing a lot of the emotion and tension that made the last two seasons so great. Last night’s episode went a long way towards fixing that, but not enough to save the entire season just yet. It’s still a fun crime drama, but this show has the ability to be so much more than that. Maybe we’ve been spoiled by the last two seasons being so excellent, but its hard not to feel like it could better.It’s possible I’m asking the wrong things of this season. After last night, the themes it’s playing with became much clearer, and it gave us more reason to care about these characters. It would be nice if the characters weren’t some strange mix of smart sometimes, and dumb as dirt other times. If we got to see their relationships before everything went to hell, particularly between the Stussy brothers. That’s the downside of having Ewan McGregor play both roles. It leads to fun situations and schemes that wouldn’t work otherwise, but they don’t get a ton of screen time together. Without that, it’s hard to get a sense of what their relationship used to be before all this stamp business. But, this season is about telling stories, and this episode finally made the season’s purpose clear. The story that’s true doesn’t matter. The story people believe does.That’s the point this season is trying to make, and in the era of “alternative facts,” it’s an important one. Maybe that’s why Fargo is letting things like character and emotional investment fall by the wayside a little bit. It’s not about them. It’s about the stories that determine what they do next. It all starts when Ray and Nikki make a sex tape while disguised as Emmit and a secretary. They send it to his home, along with a blackmail notice, but his wife finds it first. By the time Emmit gets home, she’s packed up and leaving him. It doesn’t matter that the tape isn’t real, it’s the reality she’s accepted.Michael Stuhlbarg as Sy Feltz (Photo via FX)The situation blinds Emmit to the fact that Varga is amassing more power in his company. Varga tells a story about how and egg is just becoming a chicken to create another egg. The point is perspective is what matters, rather than what is objectively true. He does this by pissing in Sy’s mug and forcing him to drink it. If this episode makes you feel for anyone, it’s Sy and Nikki, who both get the worst of Varga’s aggression in this episode. Varga has grown into a simultaneously disgusting and terrifying villain. I wish I liked either Stussy brother enough to want to root for them over Varga. At this point, I just hope Gloria Burgle (criminally underused in this episode) goes up against him at some point. Varga is aiming to push Sy out, and Emmit is too blinded by the business with his brother’s sex tape to see it. Emmit even allows Varga to sow distrust of Sy (whom Varga refers to as “the Jew”) in his mind.The theme of multiple stories is driven home by Nikki while she and Ray search for wedding clothes. Their relationship is really the only dynamic that’s working so far this season. The obvious care they have for each other as they earnestly bumble through crimes is sweet, and I’m genuinely invested in their relationship. She wasn’t even mad that Ray spent the evening in a bar after getting fired. That’s what made the episode’s final moments so painful to watch. (We’ll get to that in a second.) While searching for wedding clothes, Nikki takes a call from Sy. He claims they have no leverage because the wife saw the tape. Nikki insists they have more leverage now. She flat out tells Sy that the true story doesn’t matter. It’s the story the wife believes that does. She ups the demand from $100,000 to $200,000 in exchange for telling Emmit’s wife the real story.Michael Stuhlbarg as Sy Feltz, Mary McDonnell as Widow GoldfarbSy asks her to meet him in a parking lot, and for once, I’m genuinely worried about what Sy might do. He asked Emmit to take his handcuffs off when it came to dealing with Ray, but we don’t know what that means. It comes as a relieve when we learn all he does with the cuffs off is offer Nikki and Ray a lower amount of money to get out of town. It soon becomes clear that Sy isn’t the tough guy he pretends to be. The worst we’ve seen him do is wreck Ray’s parked car. He doesn’t have the stomach for much more, as evidenced by what happens next. Varga’s men pull up, suspecting Sy’s meeting with Nikki to be him going behind Varga’s back. They force Sy to watch as they take Nikki behind her van and beat her half to death. Sy may not like Nikki, but that’s way too far for him. He’s horrified to know that he’s partially responsible for what’s happening.Thankfully, Nikki is still alive. She’s able to drag herself into her car and drive home. Ray finds her collapsed in the bathtub with wounds all over her body. This is where the season’s running theme of truth vs. story will really come into play. Nikki and Ray believe her attack is all Emmit’s doing. They don’t know that Varga is the one behind it all, and it’s not going to matter. The story they believe determines what they do next.Carrie Coon as Gloria Burgle, Olivia Sandoval as Winnie Lopez, Ewan McGregor as Ray Stussy (Photo via FX)This season rests heavily on its thematic elements to the detriment of its story. Where the first two seasons had interesting, complex characters and thrilling, surprising stories, this season hasn’t had much of either. The chilly Midwestern crime drama aspect of the show is still fun, and it’s better than most crime TV shows out there, but it’s hard not to wish for more. Instead of characters and plot, we get symbolism and thematic asides. We get characters telling stories to drive home the importance of story over truth. We get cartoons of fake sci-fi novels and the narration from Peter and the Wolf.  That stuff’s all cool and fun to unpack, but it’ll only get you so far when the characters are all kind of meh.We still have half a season to go, and there’s every possibility that the show can pick up from here. Especially considering that this was the season’s most emotionally effective episode yet. I want to see more of Gloria Burgle, who just had a short scene questioning Ray before being told by her boss to drop the case. It doesn’t matter to him that a murder victim has the same name as the brother of the murderer’s parole officer. Coincidences exist, after all. Once the show fleshes out her story more, and she gets more involved in the goings-on between the Stussy brothers and Varga, that should provide the tension and emotional investment the season has been missing so far.Shea Whigham as Sheriff Moe Dammik, Carrie Coon as Gloria Burgle (Photo via FX)Despite my problems with the first half of the season, I have every confidence the series can only get better from here. That terrifying image of the wolf from the end of the episode helps. It’s a reminder of what a scary, dangerous force Varga is (remember, he represented the wolf in last week’s episode). Now, he’s hurt both Stussy brothers as well as Sy. Things are only going to get worse for them from here. Carrie Coon Joins Infinity War, A Strange Sequel and More MCU NewsFargo Leaves the End of its Story Up to Us last_img read more