PREMIUMIndonesia hails ‘first step’ in US-Taliban peace deal

first_imgGoogle Forgot Password ? Indonesia US Taliban Afghanistan peace-accord Indonesia hailed the signing of a peace deal between the United States and the Afghan Taliban in Qatar over the weekend, calling it a “first step” forward in the ongoing peace process.The Taliban’s political chief met with senior diplomats from countries including Russia, Indonesia and Norway, hours after signing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) deal with Washington aimed at ending the Afghan war, the hard-line Islamist group said in a statement on Sunday.Saturday’s accord was signed in the Qatari capital Doha by US special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban political chief Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on hand to witness the ceremony.Soon after the agreement, US President Donald Trump said he would be personally meeting leaders of the Taliban in the near future and rejected criticism surrounding the deal signed … Log in with your social account Facebook Linkedin LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Topics :last_img read more

PREMIUMJobs law offers tax incentives to attract investment

first_imgThe government is hoping that the new tax incentives introduced in the recently passed Job Creation Law help to grow the economy by attracting more investment and creating jobs.The Finance Ministry’s Fiscal Policy Agency head, Febrio Kacaribu, said Monday that the new incentives, in addition to the ones offered in Law No. 2/2020, could make Indonesia’s tax regime more competitive globally.The jobs law eliminates income tax on dividends earned in Indonesia and on certain income, including dividends earned abroad, as long as they are invested in the country. It also introduces 10 percent value-added tax (VAT) on coal and relaxes administrative sanctions and taxes for foreigners with certain expertise.The provisions in the omnibus law aim to complement several regulations in Law No. 2/2020, which was issued earlier this year to gradually lower the corporate income ta… Forgot Password ? Topics : Log in with your social account Linkedin Google LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Facebook Omnibus-Law-on-Job-Creation job-creation-law taxation-director-general-Suryo-Utomo tax-collection tax-revenue tax-incentivelast_img read more

Lesotho are dangerous -Jawula, Arday warn Stars

first_imgFormer Chairman of the Ghana Football Association, Lepowura M.N.D Jawula and veteran coah, Sam Hemans Arday are cautioning the Black Stars not to consider victory against Lesotho in this weekend’s World Cup qualifier a done deal as they could end up laughing at the wrong side of their mouths.While Lepowura is urging the Stars to be guided by history, Coach Arday says Lesotho will just be happy to upset the Stars apple cart.The Stars are away to the Likuena (Crocodiles) of Lesotho in their last but one game in these qualifiers, but are talks of that match being an easy deal for the Ghanaians with more focus rather on the very last game against Zambia in September.Lepowura Jawula, who led the the Stars to a qualifying match in Lesotho during his tenure, says it will be dangerous for the Stars to consider the Likuena as pushovers.Zambia currently lead the group standings with 10 points, one ahead of the Stars and with Zambia also tipped as favourites in their home match against Sudan on Saturday, a win for the Stars will help mantain the pressure on the Chipolopolos with that one-point for their September clash.“On paper it is predictable that the winner of Group D will be decided by the in the final match between Ghana and Zambia and so most people may be carried away by that. “ Yes it is important to talk about the Zambia game in September, but of what importance will that match be if the Stars slipped against Lesotho and dropped valuable points while the Zambians are able to scale the Sudan hurdle?“ It is therefore important for the Stars to also consider the game in Maseru a difficult, but must-win one to keep the momentum for the Zambia return leg.”Lepowura Jawula cautioned the Stars to be reminded of how Ghana struggled and had to come from behind to draw 3-3 with Lesotho in an Africa Cup of Nations qualifier in Maseru in 2001 to know that tough times lied ahead on Sunday.Though Charles Amoah gave Ghana the lead in that game, Lesotho took a commanding 3-1 lead. The Stars were saved the blushes from a 85th and 90th minute strikes from Nana Arhin-Duah.“Lesotho are dangerous at home and the Stars must not be carried away by their 7-0 win in the first encounter and go into the game as if they can override them again. They may not score as many goals but they are capable of being an impediment.“Lesotho know they have nothing to lose in the outcome of this encounter, but they will be thrilled to scupperbe credited with the fact that they will be the ones to hamper the chances of the Stars with a revenge for the 7-0 beating they received in Kumasi in the opening game. They will even be out to also help the cause of their neighbours, Zambia who currently lead and could do with such a big favour as Ghana dropping valuable points. “Unlike other blocks where no one wants to do the neighbour a favour, alliance is very strong in Southern Africa and that could motivate Lesotho to give Ghana a very tough time on Sunday,” Lepowura Jawula said.Coach Sam Arday, who has also coached the Stars, also gave similar advise and stressed the need for Kwasi Appiah to adopt a strategy that will force the Likuena to open up.“ Having conceded as many as seven goals against Ghana and four against Zambia last week, they will likely play a very defensive game which could frustrate the Stars but Kwasi Appiah must adopt a style that will hold them to their own game at least for the first 15 minutes which will then force them to open up,” Coach Arday advised.last_img read more

When will the next “Mostar Red Bull Cliff Diving” be held?

first_imgThe Old Bridge in Mostar will be hosting the world’s best male and female high divers for the fourth time on September 8th , according to competition organizers, as it was reported by the Anadolu Agency (AA).The Red Bull Cliff Diving World Championship, the most prestigious competition for the high diving, marks 10 years of existence this year, and five years since the Women’s Championship was introduced.For this celebration season, seven locations were chosen that were truly “classics” for the championships, and among them is Mostar, after hosting three spectacular competitions at the Old Bridge in the past three years.Jumpers from 12 countries will demonstrate their acrobatic skills in the USA, Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Denmark, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and Italy. Men will perform at all seven, and women at five of those places.The season begins at the Possum Kingdom lake in Texas (the USA), at the Hell’s Gate cliff. The host of the second competition is Bilbao (Spain), where only men will appear at La Salve Bridge. The third place of the cliff diving leads elite to the grand volcanic monoliths in the middle of the Atlantic, to the Sao Miguel island in the Portuguese Azores. Next is the Lake Uri in Sisikon (Switzerland), which hosted the 2009 and 2010 Championships. The fifth competition of this season is the 70th  in the history of the Red Bull Cliff Diving World Championship, and it will be held in Denmark’s capital Copenhagen. Only men will perform there, for which a 27-meter high platform will be placed on the roof of the famous building of the Opera.The penultimate place brings the best jumpers to BiH on September 8th, to the Old Bridge in Mostar , where the tradition of jumps lasts for centuries. And lastly, the final competition of the season will take place in Polignano a Mare, in the very south of Italy, where a new champion will be crowned. (Source: read more

College football schedule Week 12: What games are on today? TV channels, times, scores for top 25

first_imgWeek 12 of the college football season is here, and though it doesn’t feature a No. 1-vs.-No. 2 matchup, there are plenty of games that figure to leave a substantial impact on the College Football Playoff race.Five AP Top 25 matchups will take place Saturday, highlighted by No. 5 Georgia looking to stay in position for the Playoff at No. 13 Auburn. Undefeateds Minnesota and Baylor are in action as well: The No. 7 Gophers take on No. 23 Iowa and the No. 12 Bears host No. 10 Oklahoma. No. 9 Penn State welcomes No. 24 Indiana to Happy Valley. No. 21 Navy will battle No. 16 Notre Dame in South Bend. No. 1 LSU, No. 2 Ohio State and No. 3 Clemson will all hope to avoid slipups against unranked opponents this week. Outside Playoff contenders No. 4 Alabama, No. 6 Oregon and No. 8 Utah will also face unranked teams.There will be plenty of highlights and storylines in what is expected to be another headline-filled Saturday of college football.WEEK 12 PICKS: Straight up | Against the spread College football schedule Week 12: What games are on today?Here’s the full schedule for Saturday’s Week 12 top-25 college football games, plus final scores and how to watch every game live. All times are Eastern.You can keep up with live scores and stats with SN’s live scoreboard.Saturday, Nov. 16GameTime (ET)TV channelNo. 4 Alabama vs. Mississippi StateNoonESPNNo. 24 Indiana vs. No. 9 Penn StateNoonABCNo. 11 Florida vs. MissouriNoonCBSNo. 15 Wisconsin vs. NebraskaNoonBig Ten NetworkMichigan State vs. No. 14 MichiganNoonFoxKansas vs. No. 25 Oklahoma StateNoonFox Sports 1No. 21 Navy vs. No. 16 Notre Dame2:30 p.m.NBCNo. 2 Ohio State vs. Rutgers3:30 p.m.Big Ten NetworkWake Forest vs. No. 3 Clemson3:30 p.m.ABCNo. 5 Georgia vs. No. 13 Auburn3:30 p.m.CBSNo. 18 Memphis vs. Houston3:30 p.m.ESPN2No. 22 Texas vs. Iowa State3:30 p.m.Fox Sports 1No. 7 Minnesota vs. No. 23 Iowa4 p.m.FoxNo. 1 LSU vs. Ole Miss7 p.m.ESPNNo. 17 Cincinnati vs. South Florida7 p.m.CBSSNNo. 10 Oklahoma vs. No. 12 Baylor7:30 p.m.ABCUCLA vs. No. 8 Utah8 p.m.FoxNew Mexico vs. No. 19 Boise State10:15 p.m.ESPN2Arizona vs. No. 6 Oregon10:30 p.m.ESPNHow to watch, live stream college football gamesThe Week 12 games involving ranked teams will be televised live on national TV, with games appearing on ESPN, ABC, CBS, CBS Sports Network, Fox, Fox Sports 1, NBC and ESPNU, as well as conference-focused channels such as the ACC Network and Big Ten Network.Week 12 college football scoresGameNo. 4 Alabama at Mississippi StateNo. 9 Penn State vs. No. 24 IndianaNo. 11 Florida at MissouriNo. 15 Wisconsin at NebraskaNo. 14 Michigan vs. Michigan StateNo. 25 Oklahoma State vs. KansasNo. 16 Notre Dame vs. No. 21 NavyNo. 2 Ohio State at RutgersNo. 3 Clemson vs. Wake ForestNo. 5 Georgia at No. 13 AuburnNo. 18 Memphis at HoustonNo. 22 Texas at Iowa StateNo. 7 Minnesota at No. 23 IowaNo. 1 LSU at Ole MissNo. 17 Cincinnati at South FloridaNo. 10 Oklahoma at No. 12 BaylorNo. 8 Utah vs. UCLANo. 19 Boise State vs. New MexicoNo. 6 Oregon vs. Arizonalast_img read more

Gritty minnows Iceland hold Ronaldo’s Portugal

first_imgHungary 2 Austia 0Iceland 1 Portugal 1Saint-Étienne, France | AFP |Minnows Iceland earned a 1-1 draw with Cristiano Ronaldo-led Portugal on their European championship debut as the superstar forward failed to score as he equalled his country’s apparence record.A superb finish by Nani gave Portugal the lead before Iceland’s industrious midfielder Birkir Bjarnason levelled for the Scandinavians in Saint Etienne.Ronaldo equalled Luis Figo’s record number of caps with both the Portugal legends now on 127 appearances. It was a bitter pill for Iceland who had shown plenty of energy with the flowing locks of FC Basel’s Bjarnason a menace in midfield.It stayed 1-0 at the break, but Iceland pulled themselves level within five minutes of the restart thanks to a superbly worked goal finished off by Bjarnason.Iceland’s first goal at a major tournament came when Charlton Athletic’s Johan Gudmundsson’s towering cross found Bjarnason unmarked.The midfielder volleyed his shot past Portugal goalkeeper Rui Patricio to the delight of the Iceland bench. Shots on goal#POR 25#ISL 4#EURO2016 #PORISL— UEFA EURO 2016 (@UEFAEURO) June 14, 2016However, it was a quiet night for the Real Madrid forward, who failed to become the first man to score in four European Championships, as he was frustrated by Iceland’s dogged defence and a great display from goalkeeper Hannes Halldorsson.Iceland, the tiny North Atlantic island nation of 330,000 people, is the smallest country by population ever to feature at a Euro finals.Their small band of supporters ensured one corner of the Stade Geoffrey Guichard was a sea of blue shirts and exploded in celebration after Bjarnason’s equaliser.There was no place in the starting line-up for former Chelsea and Barcelona forward Eidur Gudjohnsen, 37, who was on the bench having come out of international retirement to play in France.Ronaldo had a few early chances, while a bullet-header from Nani crashed off the boots of Iceland shot-stopper Halldorsson.But the Fenerbahce forward was not to be denied on 31 minutes when Andre Gomes’s cross from the right fell into Nani’s path and he slotted coolly past Halldorsson at the near post to register the 600th goal ever scored at the European championships. Iceland has a population of 323,002 and they’re all happy tonight. Bjarnason earns them a precious point! #EURO2016— UEFA EURO 2016 (@UEFAEURO) June 14, 2016 The silence of the Portugal fans behind their own goal was juxtaposed by the sheer delight of the Iceland fans as they celebrated a historic moment.Having surrendered their lead, Portugal laid siege to the Iceland goal as Halldorsson was kept busy.Ronaldo’s moment looked to have come five moments from time when he was picked out perfectly by Vierinha’s cross only to head straight at Halldorsson.And the three-time World Player of the Year smashed a free-kick from a dangerous position straight into the Iceland wall with the last kick of the game as the referee’s full-time whistle was met with delight by the Iceland players and fans alike.A draw means it is all to play for in Group F after Hungary shocked Austria 2-0 earlier in Bordeaux to register their first win at a major finals for 30 years.Portugal face the highly-touted Austrians next in Paris, whilst Iceland take on pool leaders Hungary in Marseille on Saturday.Share on: WhatsApp Pages: 1 2 3last_img read more

One goal enough as Uganda Cranes tops Group E

first_imgCELEBRATIONS: Oloya (left) joins goal scorer Miya. PHOTOS KCCAUGGroup EUganda 1 Congo Brazzaville 0SundayEgypt v Ghana 7pmWhile many thought they should have scored more goals, Cranes captain Geoffrey Massa insists they did very well with the one shot past Congo Brazzaville.“Like I said before the match, all we need is a win. With the one goal we got, we got the win we needed and I am very satisfied,” Massa told the press, who wanted him to explain the many chances fluffed in the 2018 World Cup qualifier at Mandela National Stadium, Namboole.Uganda’s goal came early in the game, with a rampant Farouk Miya striking after a good combination with Luwagga Kizito in the 16th minute.Belgium-based Miya beat Wolfrigon Ngobo from inside the box  after passing unlocked the Congo defence.They did get some good chances after this, but the strikers, Massa especially, failed to find the net when it looked easier to score.Coach Milutin Micho Sredojevic weighed in by insisting Cranes results actually speak for themselves, saying Congo Brazzaville are not walkovers and should be respected. “Our aim was to create at least five chances, which we did. We knew we would miss some of them,” Micho said. He said thorough preparation was key to the current Cranes winning run, and said the team was still growing into the World Cup qualification matches.To those criticizing his team despite the win, Micho said, “you have a right not to like us, but please respect us.”He however lamented the poor turn up of fans. “I am not happy to see about 10,000 fans in the stadium to support a team that has qualified for the African Cup of Nations for the first time in a long time,” he said.The result put Cranes top of Group E.Standings  P W D L F A PtsUganda         2   1    1  0 1 0  4Egypt              1   1    0  0 2 1  3Ghana           1   0   1   0 0 0  1Congo             2   0   0  2 0 1   0LIVE FEED#MujjeTulumbe TweetsShare on: WhatsApp Pages: 1 2last_img read more


first_imgFINISH LINES: Congrats to jockey Tiago Periera and agent Patty Sterling on winning six races over the last three racing days at Santa Anita, including Stylistics United at $180.80 for trainer Ken Nettles in Friday’s fifth race . . . Streaking stakes winner Belvoir Bay drew the outside post in a field of 10 for leading trainer Peter Miller and is Jon White‘s 5-2 morning line favorite for Saturday’s contentious Grade III Autumn Miss Stakes for three-year-old fillies at one mile on turf . . . Jockey Santiago Gonzalez will serve a delayed three-day suspension on Oct. 29, 30 and Nov. 3, as will Stewart Elliott . . . The Pick 6 carryover of $69,959 into Thursday’s card should exceed $250,000 . . . Santa Anita brings an old fashioned Cajun shrimp boil trackside this Saturday. Food by the Ragin’ Cajun, a food truck featured on the Food Network’s original “Great Food Truck Race,” will be the honored boiler. Use promo code CAJUN for $10 off online only at . . . The Voice of Santa Anita, Michael Wrona, and Jon Hardoon of the Ragozin Sheets, will be Tom Quigley‘s guests, Saturday and Sunday, respectively, 11:20 a.m., in the East Paddock Gardens. Hardoon, who is also a regular contributor on both The Roger Stein Show and Thoroughbred Los Angeles (weekends at 8 a.m. and 9 a.m. on KLAA, AM 830) will host his annual Ragozin Sheets Breeders’ Cup Seminar at Sironas on the first floor of the Grandstand 30 minutes after the last race next Thursday, Nov. 3. Hardoon will offer his Breeders’ Cup selections for both Friday and Saturday, Nov. 4 and 5, for a fee of only $30. Peter Miller48138327%50%$443,305 Doug O’Neill63891313%48%$382,431 Rafael Bejarano8616201119%55%$1,112,030 Mike Smith2143219%43%$245,565 Bob Baffert2677327%65%$779,605 (Current Through Sunday, Oct. 23) Kent Desormeaux45115624%49%$455,100 Fernando Perez4371916%40%$202,365 Mark Glatt2646915%73%$201,231 CALIFORNIA CHROME HAS ‘GREAT’ PRE-CLASSIC WORKCalifornia Chrome, favored to win the $6 million Breeders’ Cup Classic at Santa Anita next Saturday, Nov. 5, had his final major workout for the 1 ¼ mile race for three-year-olds and up, going six furlongs Thursday in 1:12.20 at his Los Alamitos headquarters.“He’s great,” said Alan Sherman, son of and assistant to Art Sherman, trainer of the five-year-old California-bred son of Lucky Pulpit who will be seeking his seventh straight victory come Saturday.California Chrome had been working on a Saturday-to-Saturday schedule, but his routine was altered due to rain forecast starting Thursday night. California Chrome is expected to arrive at Santa Anita Sunday between 11 a.m. and 12 noon.In other Breeders’ Cup news:Kentucky Derby winner Nyquist (Classic) worked seven furlongs in company in 1:27.40 under regular rider Mario Gutierrez. “He worked great,” said Doug O’Neill, who sent out Ralis as a workmate. “We had a little separation early on, but Nyquist caught up. He showed good stamina, scoped clean and we’re excited about where we are.”Nyquist was given fractional times of 25.80, 38, 50.40, 1:02.80 and 1:15.60. Ralis was timed in 1:18 flat for six furlongs.Santa Anita Handicap and Gold Cup winner Melatonin (Classic) worked five furlongs for David Hofmans in 59.40 with regular rider Joe Talamo aboard. Melatonin’s fractional times were 23.20, 35.20 and 47.20, with a six furlong gallop out of 1:12.40. “Very nice” is how Hofmans described the breeze. “I might blow him out before the race. We’ll see.” Workmate Bluegrass Bronco was timed in 59.60.Multiple Grade I winner Frosted (Classic) worked four furlongs for KiaranMcLaughlin in 48 flat with a five furlong gallop out of 1:01.Tyler Baze rides Grade I winner What a View for trainer Kenny Black in the Mile. TrainerSts1st2nd3rdWin%ITM%Money Won Richard Baltas5279613%42%$421,900 Victor Espinoza3458315%47%$742,025 JockeyMts1st2nd3rdWin%ITM%Money Won Martin Pedroza5375213%26%$242,210 Jeff Mullins1340331%54%$125,525 Joseph Talamo3976218%38%$302,675 Norberto Arroyo, Jr.6813101119%50%$555,843 Philip D’Amato4270517%29%$442,685 Flavien Prat661311920%50%$1,042,510 Stewart Elliott434449%28%$221,503 SANTA ANITA STATISTICS SONGBIRD, BEHOLDER WORK TOWARDS DISTAFF SHOWDOWN            Songbird and Beholder, two thirds of the three “Fab Females” set to run in the $2 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Distaff next Friday, Nov. 4, had their final major works about an hour apart Thursday morning, undefeated two-year-old female champion of 2015 Songbird going five furlongs under exercise rider Edgar Rodriguez in 1:01, breezing, after the 6:30 a.m. renovation break, and the six-year-old Beholder, winner of three Eclipse Awards, working six furlongs at 7:45 in 1:14.40 with regular rider Gary Stevens up for Richard Mandella.Stellar Wind, champion three-year-old filly of 2015, is scheduled to have her final Distaff breeze Friday for John Sadler, weather permitting. Rain is forecast in the Arcadia area starting Thursday night. “If not Friday,” Sadler said, “she’ll work Saturday.”“She’s doing very well,” trainer Jerry Hollendorfer said of Songbird, winner of all of her 11 races by daylight margins. “She’s training up to the race well and that should be her final work, because we’re anticipating rain tomorrow.“We just wanted to give her one more work before she runs. It was a nice easy work and she galloped out nicely, too.”Santa Anita clocker Dane Nelson had Songbird galloping out six furlongs in 1:13.80, with a half-mile time of 49 flat.Hollendorfer said Songbird would walk Friday, jog Saturday, then gallop into the race. She will also school in the paddock. “We couldn’t ask her to be coming into the race any better than she is right now.”Added her regular rider, Mike Smith, who watched the workout sitting just behind Hollendorfer in the Grandstand:  “She looked great. She looked like she was two-minute licking around there and she went 1:01 like it was nothing. This looks like our deepest Distaff.”“Very nice,” is how Mandella termed the move by Beholder, who worked in company with White Rock Lake (1:02.60). “I said last week that was the big work (59.20 last Thursday). This was a little tune up and she went real good.”Beholder’s fractional times were 24, 36.40, 49.20 and 1:00.80. Gary Stevens2744715%56%$427,300 Mike Puype1941121%32%$131,630 Tyler Baze711461120%44%$515,335 Jerry Hollendorfer3754414%35%$281,406 William Spawr1243133%67%$124,068 SONGBIRD, BEHOLDER BREEZE FOR DISTAFFCLASSIC COUNTDOWN IS ON FOR CHROMENYQUIST, MELATONIN IN CLASSIC WORKOUTSGRADE I ACE FROSTED WORKS FOR CLASSIC Trainer John Shirreffs said FrontRunner winner Gormley (Juvenile) could breeze“Saturday or Sunday,” depending on track conditions.Finest City (Filly & Mare Sprint) went four furlongs in 47 for Ian Kruljac, while Big Score (Juvenile Turf) went five furlongs in 1:00.40 for Tim Yakteen, Tamarkuz (Dirt Mile) four furlongs in 48.40 for Kiaran McLaughlin, Lady Shipman (Turf Sprint) four furlongs in 48.60 for McLaughlin, Land Over Sea (Distaff) seven furlongs in 1:28.60 for O’Neill, Texas Ryano (Turf), five furlongs in 1:00.80 for Carla Gaines, and Gomo (Filly & Mare Sprint) six furlongs for O’Neill in 1:15, in company with Paynes Prairie (1:16.60). Gary Sherlock1341131%46%$123,110 Tiago Pereira5088116%34%$332,850last_img read more

Alfonzo McKinnie to return vs. Cleveland

first_imgSubscribe to the Mercury News and East Bay Times for $40 a year and receive a free Warriors championship coffee table book.CLEVELAND – The development will not be as anticipated as Stephen Curry’s return earlier this week. But for a Warriors team both clawing for wins and healthy bodies, they received a dose of good news.Warriors reserve wing Alfonzo McKinnie will be available Wednesday when the Warriors (16-9) play the Cleveland Cavaliers (5-18) after missing the past nine games because of a …last_img read more

“Marvelous Puzzle”: Enceladus’ South Pole Surface Less Than 1,000 Years Old

first_imgEnceladus, a moon of Saturn smaller than the British isles (comparison image), has a region at the south pole that is less than 1,000 years old, and maybe only 10 years old.  This conclusion, announced at Cassini science briefings in London August 30, is based on multi-instrument observations taken July 14 during the closest flyby ever of Enceladus (08/09/2005, 07/14/2005).  Crystalline ice has been found in four 80-mile-long parallel canyons dubbed “tiger stripes” due to their appearance.  Water ice has been observed venting into a plume of small particles from these cracks, which are noticeably warmer than the surrounding regions.  Measurements from all the instruments aboard the Cassini spacecraft converge on the conclusion that Enceladus’ southern polar surface is young, probably active today.    Two instruments detected icy particles coming from the south pole.  The Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (INMS) and the Cosmic Dust Analyzer (CDA) measurements reached a peak at closest approach (graph, flyby chart), showing that material is being emitted now, and probably accounts for at least some of the fresh material replenishing the E-ring around Saturn.  The Magnetometer (MAG) confirmed the existence of this plume by watching its asymmetric influence on the magnetic field lines around Enceladus; the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (UVIS) arrived at the same conclusion.  The Virtual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) (picture) and Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS, see article and picture) showed a temperature rise across the tiger-stripe cracks up to -279°F, almost 40° warmer than expected.  Apparently this is warm enough to cause sublimation of ice from the surface.  The crystalline nature of the ice constrains its age to 1000 years or less.  Crystalline ice rapidly changes to an amorphous structure when exposed to solar radiation.  Another odd thing about the tiger stripes is that each of them curves into a question mark shape at one end, all facing the same way (picture 1, picture 2).  Could this be a rotational effect, or is it due to a massive flow from the west?    The closest-approach image (picture and zoom-in movie) revealed boulders about 20m in size that New Scientist said could be ejecta from eruptions.  That Enceladus should be erupting material today is puzzling to the planetary scientists for several reasons.  For one, the north pole is heavily cratered and therefore looks much older; why would the south pole be active, when normally the equatorial regions are the warmest?   (compare prediction vs. observation).  Another puzzle is the comparison with Mimas, a moon of similar size.  Mimas is heavily cratered with no activity, even though it was pummeled by a colossal impact at some time in the past and is subject to greater tidal stresses due to its proximity to Saturn.  Finally, small bodies cool the fastest.  A moon the size of Enceladus should long ago have lost all its internal heat and remained forever frozen solid.    To account for the heat and resultant activity (03/04/2005), planetary geologists are constructing models combining radiogenic heat from a rocky interior and tidal heating from interactions with Saturn and other moons.  So far, however, these energy sources seem to come up short by an order of magnitude or two (see New Scientist).  This is a “marvelous puzzle,” said one scientist; another said that “Enceladus is constantly evolving and getting a makeover.”  Enceladus joins a “short list of bodies in our solar system where scientists have found internal activity,” the press release said.  That list includes Io (05/04/2004), Titan (06/09/2005, 05/18/2005, 04/08/2005), Triton (05/30/2002), Earth, and Venus (see “Earth’s Ugly Sister Can’t Get a Date,” 08/16/2004).  Most other solid planets and moons exhibit surface features that, while not active today, appear young (06/05/2003 commentary).  The Cassini team expected that Enceladus would prove one of the prima donnas of the Saturn system.  It appears that she delivered a “stunning surprise” of a performance.    Sources: JPL, Cassini press release, NASA Cassini page, New Scientist, BBC News, the Planetary Society, EurekAlert and the Cassini Imaging Team.  The latter contains polar projection maps, a graph and flyby chart, and three models attempting to explain the heating process.Scientists love a good puzzle, and being surprised is fun; we can all share the excitement of a new and baffling phenomenon.  But what none of them seems to be asking is the obvious question: how could this moon be anywhere near 4.6 billion years old?  Look at the size of those canyons – 80 miles wide and 50 miles apart – they speak of large-scale processes at work, not just minor eruptions.  This revelation is just the latest in a long string of discoveries that challenge the consensus view of the age of the solar system.  For all the flash and color of the model diagrams, New Scientist says that tidal heating and internal radioactivity are not anywhere near sufficient to drive the activity.  Why not consider the possibility that Enceladus – as well as the solar system that contains it – is young.    Don’t miss the zoom-in movie; it is really cool.  It puts the imaging capabilities of Cassini into perspective.  The color mosaic is also a beautiful sight.  Here are the tiger stripes up close.  For a complete catalog of Enceladus images, go to Cassini multimedia page and select “Enceladus.”  The Planetary Photojournal is the NASA repository for all solar system images.  Simply click on Saturn, then on Enceladus.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more